to large scale environmental strategy cannot be assumed to bepossible, partly due to the exceptional resources andfavourable conditions that often accompanies a pilot study.
Reasons for Pilot Studies
A pilot study can reveal deficiencies in the design of a proposedexperiment or procedure and these can then be addressedbefore time and resources are expended on large scale studies.Animal experiments are not usually carried out in isolation, butare part of a programme of research. A good research strategyrequires careful planning and a pilot study will often be a partof this strategy.A pilot study is normally small in comparison with the mainexperiment and therefore can provide only limited informationon the sources and magnitude of variation of responsemeasures. It is unlikely, for example, that a pilot study alonecan provide adequate data on variability for a power analysis toestimate the number of animals to include in a well designedexperiment. A systematic review of the literature or even asingle publication is a more appropriate source of informationon variability. The pilot study may, however, provide vitalinformation on the severity of proposed procedures ortreatments.Other reasons include:
Developing and testing adequacy of research instruments
Assessing the feasibility of a (full-scale) study/survey