Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Add note
Save to My Library
Sync to mobile
Look up keyword or section
Like this
8Activity
×

Table Of Contents

0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
* Natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth

* Natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth

Ratings: (0)|Views: 12,269|Likes:
By 2050, humanity could devour an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year - three times its current appetite - unless the economic growth rate is "decoupled" from the rate of natural resource consumption, says a new report from UNEP’s International Resource Panel. Developed countries citizens consume an average of 16 tons of those four key resources per capita (up to 40 or more tons per person in some developed countries). By comparison, the average person in India today consumes four tons per year. With the growth of both population and prosperity, especially in developing countries, the prospect of much higher resource consumption levels is "far beyond what is likely sustainable." Already the world is running out of cheap and high quality sources of some essential materials such as oil, copper and gold, the supplies of which, in turn, require ever-rising volumes of fossil fuels and freshwater to produce.

Decoupling - improving the rate of resource productivity faster than the economic growth rate is required. That goal, however, demands an urgent rethink of the links between resource use and economic prosperity, buttressed by a massive investment in technological, financial and social innovation, to at least freeze per capita consumption in wealthy countries and help developing nations follow a more sustainable path. The trend towards urbanization may help as well, says the report, since cities allow for economies of scale and more efficient service provision.
By 2050, humanity could devour an estimated 140 billion tons of minerals, ores, fossil fuels and biomass per year - three times its current appetite - unless the economic growth rate is "decoupled" from the rate of natural resource consumption, says a new report from UNEP’s International Resource Panel. Developed countries citizens consume an average of 16 tons of those four key resources per capita (up to 40 or more tons per person in some developed countries). By comparison, the average person in India today consumes four tons per year. With the growth of both population and prosperity, especially in developing countries, the prospect of much higher resource consumption levels is "far beyond what is likely sustainable." Already the world is running out of cheap and high quality sources of some essential materials such as oil, copper and gold, the supplies of which, in turn, require ever-rising volumes of fossil fuels and freshwater to produce.

Decoupling - improving the rate of resource productivity faster than the economic growth rate is required. That goal, however, demands an urgent rethink of the links between resource use and economic prosperity, buttressed by a massive investment in technological, financial and social innovation, to at least freeze per capita consumption in wealthy countries and help developing nations follow a more sustainable path. The trend towards urbanization may help as well, says the report, since cities allow for economies of scale and more efficient service provision.

More info:

Published by: Eric Britton (World Streets) on May 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See More
See less

07/31/2013

pdf

text

original

 
D
ecoupling
n
 atural
 r
esource
u
se
 
 anD
 e
nvironmental
i
mpacts
 
from
e
conomic
g
rowth
   U
   n   i   t   e   d
    n
   a   t   i   o   n   s
    e
   n   v   i   r   o   n   m   e   n   t
    P
   r   o   g   r   a   m   m   e
 
Editor:InternationalResourcePanelWorkingGrouponDecoupling
Leadauthors:
MarinaFischer-Kowalski,InstituteofSocialEcologyVienna,Alpen-AdriaUniversity,Austria,withthesupportoftheLebensministerium,AustriaandMarkSwilling,SustainabilityInstitute,SchoolofPublicLeadership,UniversityofStellenbosch,SouthAfrica
Contributingauthors:
ErnstUlrichvonWeizsäcker(ChairpersonoftheDecouplingWorkingGroup),YongRen,YuichiMoriguchi,WendyCrane,FridolinKrausmann,NinaEisenmenger,StefanGiljum,PeterHennicke,ReneKemp,PatyRomeroLankao,AnnaBellaSiribanManalangJeffMcNeelyprovidededitorialsupportforthefullreportandsummarybrochure.Thereportwentthroughseveralroundsofpeer-reviewcoordinatedinanefcientandconstructivewaybyJeffMcNeelytogetherwiththeInternationalResourcePanelSecretariat.Valuablecommentswerereceivedfromseveralanonymousreviewersinthisprocess.Thepreparationofthisreportalsobenetedfromdiscussionswithmanycolleaguesatvariousmeetings.SpecialthanksgotoErnstUlrichvonWeizsäckerandAshokKhoslaasCo-ChairsoftheInternationalResourcePanel,themembersoftheInternationalResourcePanelanditsSteeringCommitteefortheirdedicationandcommitment.JanetSalem,UNEP,providedvaluableinputandcomments;theInternationalResourcePanel’sSecretariatcoordinatedthepreparationofthisreport.JaapvanWoerdenandStefanSchwarzerofUNEP/DEWA/GRID–Genevaprovidedscienticdatasupportindevelopingthegures.Themainresponsibilityforerrorsremainswiththeauthors.ISBN:978-92-807-3167-5JobNumber:DTI/1388/PAThefullreportshouldbereferencedasfollows:UNEP(2011)Decouplingnaturalresourceuseandenvironmentalimpactsfromeconomicgrowth,AReportoftheWorkingGrouponDecouplingtotheInternationalResourcePanel.Fischer-Kowalski,M.,Swilling,M.,vonWeizsäcker,E.U.,Ren,Y.,Moriguchi,Y.,Crane,W.,Krausmann,F.,Eisenmenger,N.,Giljum,S.,Hennicke,P.,RomeroLankao,P.,SiribanManalang,A.Copyright©UnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme,2011Thispublicationmaybereproducedinwholeorinpartandinanyformforeducationalornonprotpurposeswithoutspecialpermissionfromthecopyrightholder,providedacknowledgementofthesourceismade.UNEPwouldappreciatereceivingacopyofanypublicationthatusesthispublicationasasource.NouseofthispublicationmaybemadeforresaleorforanyothercommercialpurposewhatsoeverwithoutpriorpermissioninwritingfromtheUnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme.Design/layout:L'IVComSàrl,LeMont-sur-Lausanne,Switzerland.Coverphotos©:OlegRomanciuk/DreamstimeandDonHammond/DesignPics/Corbis.
Disclaimer
ThedesignationsemployedandthepresentationofthematerialinthispublicationdonotimplytheexpressionofanyopinionwhatsoeveronthepartoftheUnitedNationsEnvironmentProgrammeconcerningthelegalstatusofanycountry,territory,cityorareaorofitsauthorities,orconcerningdelimitationofitsfrontiersorboundaries.Moreover,theviewsexpresseddonotnecessarilyrepresentthedecisionorthestatedpolicyoftheUnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme,nordoescitingoftradenamesorcommercialprocessesconstituteendorsement.UNEPpromotesenvironmentallysoundpracticesgloballyandinitsownactivities.ThispublicationisprintedonFSC-certiedpaper,usingeco-friendlypractices.OurdistributionpolicyaimstoreduceUNEP’scarbonfootprint.
Acknowledgements
UNEP promotesenvironmentally sound practicesglobally and in its own activities.policy aims toThispublication is printed on FSC-certied paper,using eco-friendly practices.Our distributionreduce UNEP’s carbon footprint.
 
D
ecoupling
n
 atural
 r
esource
u
se
 
 anD
 e
nvironmental
i
mpacts
 
from
e
conomic
g
rowth

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
seakmus liked this
seakmus liked this
Kenny Keeler liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->