With Lots of Lucks
a) Explain the steps involved in planning of a statistical survey?Ans:
Stages in a statistical survey:1.
Nature of the problem to be investigated should be clearly defined in an unambiguousmanner.2.
Objectives of the investigation should be stated at the outset. Objectives could be
Obtain certain estimates.
Establish a theory.
Verify an existing statement.
Find relationship between characteristics.3.
The scope of investigation has to be made clear. The scope of the investigation refers tothe area to be covered, identification of units to be studied, nature of characteristics tobe observed, accuracy of measurement, analytical method, time cost and other resourcesrequired.4.
Whether to use data collected from primary sources or secondary sources should bedetermined in advanced.5.
The organization of investigation is the final step in the process. It encompasses thedetermination of the number of investigator required, their training, supervision work needed, funds required.
b) What are the merits & Demerits of Direct personal observation and Indirect OralInterview?Ans:
Direct personal observation:
In the direct personal observation method, theinvestigator collects data by having direct contact with the units of investigation. The accuracyof the data depends upon the ability, training, and attitude of the investigator
We get the original data which is more accurate and reliable.
Satisfactory information can be extracted by the investigator through indirect questions.
Data is homogenous and comparable.
Additional information can be gathered.
Misinterpretation of question can be avoided.
This method consumes more cost.
This method costs more time.
This cannot be used when the scope of the investigation is wide.
Indirect oral interview:
Indirect oral interview is used when the area to be covered is large.The investigator collects the data from a third party or witness or had of the institution. Thismethod is generally used by police department in cases related to enquiries on causes of fires,theft or murders.
Economical in terms of time, cost and man power.
Confidential information can be collected.
Information is likely to be unbiased and reliable.