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KONTRAK DOKUMEN

KONTRAK DOKUMEN

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Published by: spmbstan on May 25, 2011
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5/25/2011Diklat Fungsional Penilai 1
MAJDI ALI
KONTRAK
Suatu perbuatan dengan mana satu pihak ataulebih mengikatkan dirinya terhadap satu orangatau lebih.(Pasal 1313 KUH Perdata)
Suatu perjanjian antara dua orang atau lebihyang menciptakan kewajiban untuk berbuatatau tidak berbuat suatu hal yang khusus
(Black‟s Law Dictionary)
2
Pengadaan (Procurement)
All those activities undertaken by a client seeking tobring about the construction or refurbishment of abuilding.
Pengadaan barang/jasa pemerintah adalah kegiatanpengadaan barang/jasa yang dibiayai dengan
APBN/APBD, baik yang dilaksanakan secara
swakelola maupun oleh penyedia barang/jasa;
3
METODE PENGADAAN
Traditional procurement (sometimes termed conventional procurement)
A method which became standard practice in the building industry for 150 years followingthe emergence of the general contracting firm and the establishment of independent clientconsultants. The main feature is that the design process is separate from construction, andfull documentation is required before the contractor can be invited to tender for carrying outthe work.
Design and build procurement (Rancang bangun)
A method where the contractor is responsible for undertaking both the design and theconstruction of the work in return for a lump sum price. There are variants on this option
depending on the degree to which initial design is included in the client‟s requirements.
 
Management procurement
A method where overall design is the responsibility of the client‟s consultants, and the
contractor is responsible both for defining packages of work and then for managing thecarrying out of this work through separate trades or works contracts.
4
JENIS KONTRAK
Lump sum contracts
 – 
 
where the contract sum is determined before construction work is started.
The contractor undertakes a defined amount of work in return for an agreed sum. Contracts „with quantities‟ are pricedon the basis of drawings and a firm bill of quantities. Contracts „without quantities‟ are priced on the basis of drawings
and another document
 — 
usually a specification or work schedules.
Measurement contracts
 – 
 
where the contract sum is not finalised until after completion, but is assessed on
remeasurement to a previously agreed basis.
This type of contract can arise because the work which the contractor undertakes cannot for good reason be measuredaccurately before tenders are invited. Design will be reasonably complete and an accurate picture of the qualityrequired will be available to the tenderer. Probably the contract of this type with least risk to the client is that based ondrawings and approximate quantities. Measurement contracts can also be based on drawings and a schedule of rates orprices. A variant of this is the measured term contract under which individual works can be initiated by instructions aspart of a programme of work, and priced according to rates related to the categories of work likely to form part of theprogramme.
Cost reimbursement contracts
 – 
 
where the sum is arrived at on the basis of prime (actual) costs of labour,
 plant and materials, to which there is added an amount to cover overheads and profit.
Sometimes referred to as a „cost
-
 plus‟ or a „prime cost‟ contract; the amount or fee added to cover overheads and profit
can be a fixed sum, a percentage, or on some other reimbursement basis. Where the full extent of the work is notknown or cannot be designed pre-tender, this is a relatively high risk option for the client and only generallyacceptable where the circumstances preclude other alternatives or where a partnering ethos is established.
5
TRADITIONAL
Bagan Organisasi TRADISIONAL/KONVENSIONAL
 
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Keterangan :: Pengguna Jasa: Konsultan Perencana / Pengawas: Penyedia Jasa Umum: Sub Penyedia Jasa
 
5/25/2011Diklat Fungsional Penilai 2
JENIS KONTRAK
Package deal or turnkey contract
 – 
 
where the client settles on a complete package,usually to some
standard specification from a commercial firm.
Such arrangements sometimes result in a specially drafted contract, but they will usually be
 based on the provider‟s standard terms.
 
Design and build contracts
 – 
 
where project documents will be written with the
contractor’s design
obligations relating to the whole of the works in mind.
These contracts differ fundamentally from traditional „work and materials‟ contracts in thatthey expressly provide for contractor‟s design obligations. The wording used in contracts
which require a material level of design input from the contractor is often the same as in
those which are used for a „develop and construct‟ approach.
 
Contractor’s design for specific elements only
 
Strictly, these are not design and build contracts, but traditional „work and materials‟
contracts which include for limited design provision relating to an identified portion of thework.
7
 Design and build 
Bagan Organisasi Rancang Bangun
Keterangan :: Pengguna Jasa: Perencana / Pengawas: Penyedia Jasa Rancang Bangun: Sub Penyedia Jasa
8
 Management
 
Management contracts
 – 
 
where the management contractor undertakes to manage the carrying out of the
work through works contractors, who are contractually accountable to him.
The contract will usually include both a pre-construction phase and the construction phase.Documentation will start with project drawings, a project specification and a cost plan, and thisinformation will allow the transmutation into documents on which competitive tenders can be obtainedfor the work packages. The management contractor is responsible for the administration and operationof the works contractors.
Construction Management
 – 
 
where the construction manager undertakes to manage the carrying out of the
work through trade contractors but the client is involved in the directing of the project, and the contracts with the trade contractors are directly with him.
The construction management appointment will be for the services as defined in that document.Although the trades contracts are arranged and administered by the construction manager, contractually
they are the client‟s risk. Obviously the construction management appointment and the trade contract
for each package must be compatible.
Design
 – 
manage
 – 
construct
This and other variants of management procurement exist but such contracts are invariably on the basisof specially drafted forms to suit the particular situations.
9
JENIS KONTRAK
Matters which might influence choice
 
The nature of the project
The scope of the works
Measure of control by the client
Accountability
Appointment of a contractor
Certainty of final cost
Start and completion times
Restrictions
Changes during construction
Assessment of risks
Building relationships with the supply chain
10
Memenuhi ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan untuk menjalankanusaha/kegiatan sebagai penyedia barang/jasa;
Memiliki keahlian, pengalaman, kemampuan teknis dan manajerial untuk menyediakan barang/jasa;
Tidak dalam pengawasan pengadilan, tidak pailit, kegiatan usahanya tidak sedang dihentikan, dan/atau direksi yang bertindak untuk dan atas namaperusahaan tidak sedang dalam menjalani sanksi pidana;
Secara hukum mempunyai kapasitas menandatangani kontrak;
Sebagai wajib pajak sudah memenuhi kewajiban perpajakan tahunterakhir, dibuktikan dengan melampirkan fotokopi bukti tanda terimapenyampaian Surat Pajak Tahunan (SPT) Pajak Penghasilan (PPh) tahunterakhir, dan fotokopi Surat Setoran Pajak (SSP) PPh Pasal 29;
11
CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENT
Dalam kurun waktu 4 (empat) tahun terakhir pernah memper-olehpekerjaan menyediakan barang/jasa baik di lingkungan pemerintahmaupun swasta termasuk pengalaman subkontrak, kecuali penyediabarang/jasa yang baru berdiri kurang dari 3 (tiga) tahun;
Memiliki sumber daya manusia, modal, peralatan, dan fasilitas lain yangdiperlukan dalam pengadaan barang/jasa;
Tidak masuk dalam daftar hitam;
Memiliki alamat tetap dan jelas serta dapat dijangkau dengan pos;
Khusus untuk penyedia barang/jasa orang perseorangan persyaratannyasama dengan di atas kecuali huruf f.
12
CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENT
 
5/25/2011Diklat Fungsional Penilai 3
CONTRACTOR SELECTION 
Reputation
Resource
Workload and Availability
Price
13
SELECTION PROCEDURE
Open Tendering
Selective Tendering
Contract Negotiation
14
TENDER
Pelelangan umum adalah metoda pemilihan penyedia barang/jasa yangdilakukan secara terbuka dengan pengumuman secara luas melalui mediamassa dan papan pengumuman resmi untuk penerangan umum sehinggamasyarakat luas dunia usaha yang berminat dan memenuhi kualifikasidapat mengikutinya.
Dalam hal jumlah penyedia barang/jasa yang mampu melaksanakandiyakini terbatas yaitu untuk pekerjaan yang kompleks, maka pemilihanpenyedia barang/jasa dapat dilakukan dengan metoda pelelangan terbatasdan diumumkan secara luas melalui media massa dan papan pengumumanresmi dengan mencantumkan penyedia barang/jasa yang telah diyakinimampu, guna memberi kesempatan kepada penyedia barang/jasa lainnyayang memenuhi kualifikasi.
15
Dalam hal metoda pelelangan umum atau pelelangan terbatas dinilai tidak efisien dari segi biaya pelelangan, maka pemilihan penyedia barang/jasa dapatdilakukan dengan metoda pemilihan langsung, yaitu pemilihan penyediabarang/jasa yang dilakukan dengan membandingkan sebanyak-banyaknyapenawaran, sekurang-kurangnya 3 (tiga) penawaran dari penyedia barang/jasayang telah lulus prakualifikasi serta dilakukan negosiasi baik teknis maupunbiaya serta harus diumumkan minimal melalui papan pengumuman resmi untuk penerangan umum dan bila memungkinkan melalui internet
Dalam keadaan tertentu dan keadaan khusus, pemilihan penyedia barang/jasadapat dilakukan dengan cara penunjukan langsung terhadap 1 (satu) penyediabarang/jasa dengan cara melakukan negosiasi baik teknis maupun biayasehingga diperoleh harga yang wajar dan secara teknis dapatdipertanggungjawabkan.
16
TENDER ……
 CONTRACT DOCUMENT
Articles of Agrements
Conditions of Contract
Drawing
Specifications
Bill of Quantities
Schedules of Rates
(Pasal 29 Kepres 80/2003)
17
 
 ASPEK PERHITUNGANBIAYA 
 Fixed lump sum price
:
Jumlah harga pasti dan tetap dimana volume pekerjaantercantum dalam kontrak
tidak boleh diukur ulang
suatu jumlah harga pasti dan tetap, semua resikoditanggung Penyedia Jasa sepanjang gambar danspesifikasi tidak berubah
Harga tetap selama tidak ada perintah perubahan. Resikobagi Pengguna Jasa kecil, namun bagi Penyedia Jasabesar.
Contoh :
 Volume Kontrak 1.000 m3, bila diukur ulang 1100 m3,yang dibayar tetap 1000 m3
bukan 1100 m3.
Diperintahkan pengurangan 200 m3, yang dibayar 1.000 -200 =800 m3 dan
bukan 1100 - 200 = 900 m3.
18

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