Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
2Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Heschel Philosophy of Man

Heschel Philosophy of Man

Ratings: (0)|Views: 71|Likes:
Published by Salvador Dida Leyso

More info:

Published by: Salvador Dida Leyso on May 25, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

11/22/2012

pdf

text

original

 
FORUMPHILOSOPHICUMFacultasPhilosophica
Ignatianum
Cracovia-Krakow,6:2001,59-68
WaldemarSZCZERBINSKI*
ABRAHAMJOSHUAHESCHEL'SpmLOSOPHYOFMAN
Thesubjectofthefollowingdiscourseis,asthetitleitselfpointsout,theanthropologyofHeschel.ConsideringthefactthatHeschelisingeneralunknowninPoland,Ishalltakethelibertytomakeknown,inshort,somepiecesofinformationabouthim.HeschelwasborninWarsaw,PolandonJanuary11th1907.AftergraduatingfromtheGymnasiuminWilnohestartedhisstudiesatFriedrichWilhelmUniversitat,Berlin.AttheBerlinUniversityhestudiedatthePhilosophyDepartmentand,additionally,hetookupstudiesinthesphereofSemiticPhilosophyandHistoryofArt.
In
1937HeschelwaschosenbyMartinBuberashissuccessoratMittelstellefur-JudischeErwachsenen-BildunginFrankfurtontheMain.
In
OctoberhewasarrestedbytheGestapoanddeportedtoPolandtogetherwithalltheJewsofPolishnationality.AfterreturningtoWarsawhetaughtphilosophyandbiblicalsciencesattheInstituteofJewishStudies.SixweeksbeforetheGermanaggressionagainstPolandheleftforEnglandandthenfortheUnitedStateswherehestayeduntilhisdeath.HewastheProfessorattheJewishTheologicalSeminaryinNewYork.Exceptforhisdidacticalactivity,ourphilosopherdidnotneglectcreativework.Astimewentonhewasbecomingamoreandmorewell-knownandappreciatedintellectualistandsocialworkerinAmerica.HisactivitywentfarbeyondtheboundariesoftheJewishworld.Heisauthorofseveralbooks,including
Maimonides:EineBiographie
(1935),
ManIs
--------------
"FacultyofTheology,PoznanUniversitye-mail:wally@gniezno.opoka.org.pl
www_:
pwsd.gniezno.opoka.org.pl
 
60
WaldemarSzczerbinshi
NotAlone:APhilosophyofReligion
(1951),
GodinSearchoj'Man.APhilosophyofJudaism
(1955),
WhoIsMan?
(1965),
TheInsecurityofFreedom:Essays
on
HumanExistence
11966),
APassionforTruth
(1973).
ThephilosophyofHeschelrepresentsatrendwhichis,inaway,unpopularinAmericaanduncompromising,asitisboththephilosophyofreligionandthephilosophyofJudaism.
In
hisintellectualstrugglewiththerealityHeschelreachesfortheabsolutetruthfromwhichspringsout,asalogicalnecessity,thewayofhumanexistence.Hisphilosophy,aseveryphilosophyofJudaism,isthephilosophyofreligionandthatiswhyitisintermingledwiththeideaofrealizingthetruthwhosesourceisGod.ForHeschelthestartingpointisanargument,basedonontologicalfoundations,thatthesourceofeveryhistoricaldevelopmentistheCreatoractingthroughman.HisactionsoccurandHisgoalsareputintopracticeinthehistoryofanindividualandinhistoryingeneral.HistorysounderstoodisamysticalunionbetweenmanandGod.Atitsbasisthereliesamysterywhichcannotbepenetratedtotheendbyhumanminddevoidoffaith.Humanlifeisnot,accordingtoHeschel,givenonlyobjectivelyandempirically,itisamystery.Judaism,justlikeChristianity,istothehighestdegreehistorical,foritisthemanifestationofGodinhistory.ThatexplainsthepresenceofgreatdynamisminHeschel'sphilosophy,resultingfromtheJewishideaofsinglenessanduniquenessofman'sactions,God'sactionsandallhistoricalevents,whichwasalientotheancientworld.IntheconsciousnessofJudaismthereappearsathoughtthattheessenceofeverypossiblehumandevelopmentisanactthattookplaceonce,asingleact,uniqueandincomparable.
It
isahistoricalandmetaphys-icalact,thusreachingtheinmostdepthsoflife.Inthismannerthehistoryoftheworldandhumanlifereflectsthegreatdramaofloveandfreedom.
In
thisfreedomtheunknownquantityofhumanexistenceisinherited.
As
wesee,itismanthatturnsouttobethemainsubjectofHeschel'sphilosophy.Hisphilosophicalanthropologyisbasicallythetheoryofauthentichumanexistence.For
him
beinghumanistheprimaryfactandthecentraltopicofanthropology.Thebasicanth-ropologicalcategoryisnotentity,butexistence.Thereasonforsuchapreferenceseemstobeimbeddedinhisprincipalobservationthatmanremainsinvariablyandindependentlyahumanbeing,althoughheisnotalwayshuman.Thatiswhytheproblembearsbasicallyonbeinghumanandmanifestsitselfinit.Withregardtoallsortsofanthropologieswithanexistentialbias,wecansingleout,dependingonwhetherwechooseoneoranotheraspectofhumanexistence,aninterpersonalisticphilosophyofman(M.Buber)
 
AbrahamJoshuaHeschel'sPhilosophyofMan
61andapersonalisticphilosophyofman(KWojtyla).Asortofparadoxisthefact,thatHeschelseemstobeclosertotheWojtyla'sconceptthanthatofBuber's,inspiteofsuggestingreasonsfortheoppositeopinion.However,itisdifficulttogiveasupplementing,univocaldefinitionofortonameHeschel'santhropology.Sometimeshisphilosophyisreferredtoasdepthphilosophy,andhisphilosophyofmanasdepthanthropology.SometimesHeschelhimselfusestheword'depth'withreferencetohis.ohiloso..ohv:.xnlainingatthesametimehowthistermshouldbeunderstood.Inaccordancewithourphilosopher'sintention,thedepthanthropologyreferstothephilosophyofmanwhichdealswiththecategoryofbeinghumancontrarytothetraditionalanthropol-ogy,whichconcentratesonthecategoryofhumanbeing.
If
being,duetoitssubstantialcharacter,iseasiertograsp,beinghumanisdifficulttopenetrate,althoughitistheverythingthatshouldbetheareaofsearchingfortheessenceofman.Thegoalofdepthanthropologyisnotsettingadoctrine,butuncoveringsomerootsofourbeing,setinmotionbythefinalquestion.Itssubjectisbeingas
statusnescendi.
InHeschel'sopinion,expressedinreflectiononman,itisnotonlynecessarytoexplorethesurfacebeing,butalsotogetaninsightintotheinteriorofman-intohisbeing.
As
Merkleputit,"theauthenticunderstandingofmanwillbetheprivilegeofthosewhowillgobelowthesurfaceofhumanbeinganddiscoveritsdepth".InHeschel'sdepthphilosophythequestionis,firstofall,thefurthestpossibleattainmentofthedepthofbeing,ofapeculiarsubstratum,fromwhichaspectsofhumanbeinggrow,sincehumanexistencehasitsrootssomewhere.Depthphilosophyisnotcharacterizedonlybythefactthatitmakesbeingitssubjectofexamination(itseemstobecharacteristicofallphilosophieswithanexistentialbias),butbycomingatthefinalanddeepestfoundationofbeing,fromwhichtypicalwaysofhumanbeingcanbedeveloped.ThepurposeofthefollowingdiscourseistoshowHeschel'santhropo-logicalviewsagainstthebackgroundofhisphilosophyofreligion,whichhasitsbasisinthephilosophyofJudaism.Itisnotonlyaquestionofdeliveringanorderlylectureonthebasiccategories,ofreconstructingtheconceptofman,butalsoofrevealingandanalysingtherulesthatformitsbasis.Thenatureofthisdissertationishistorical,althoughitsometimestouchesuponasystematicplane.Forthatreasonthechoiceofthetopicisnotaccidental.Theproblemofmanhasbecomethemainissueofthisworkforafewreasons.Firstly,theproblemofmanconstitutestheessentialpartofallHeschel'sphilosophyand,inFriedman'sopinion,itisthemostcomprehensibleandconvincingachievementofhisphilosophy.Secondly,accordingtoourphilosopher,itisjustthisquestionthatseemstobethemostessentialonein

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->