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2.9 Analysing Forces in Equilibrium

# 2.9 Analysing Forces in Equilibrium

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07/02/2013

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PN HAZIAH BT AWANG LAH SAS 2007
2.9 ANALYSING FORCES IN EQUILIBRIUMSituation that forces in equilibrium
1.At rest or move with a constant velocity Example : 2.The ha

nging object
TEACHER’S SIGNATURE : ………………………………….
34
Equilibrium – when net force equals zeroR = Normal ReactionW =weightThe table pushes up on the box with a forceequal to the downward weight of the box.
=
W
+
W
= 0W = weightR = NormalReactionF = FrictionThe figure shows a ball stay on the slope.Since the ball is at rest, the forces actingon the ball, its weight, normal reaction andfriction are in equilibrium. The resultantforce is zero.
W
+
+
F
= 0The figure shows airplane flying with aconstant velocity.
U
=
WU
+
W
= 0
G
=
FG
+
F
= 0T = tensionW = weightT
2
T
1
WThe sum of the ropetensions must equal tothe weight

PN HAZIAH BT AWANG LAH SAS 2007
SOLVING PROBLEM :
1.
The total of a gas-filled balloon is 800 N. The ballon rises at a constant speed of 3 ms
-1
. What isthe resultant force acting on the balloon while it is rising?2.The figure below shows the picture frame is being held by two identical strings.(a)Draw and label the three forces that are in equilibrium so that the frame is at rest.(b)Find out the rope tension if the mass of the frame is 4 kg.
3.
The figure below shows a load of weight, W, hung to string P and Q. Draw the vector diagram toshow the equilibrium of the forces on the load.
4.
Figure 4.1 shows two teams of student taking part in a tug-of-war event. The rope remainsalthough being pulled in opposite directions by the students. The forces applied in the rope are F
1
and F
2
respectively. Figure 4.2 shows a car moving at a constant velocity of 25 ms
-1
. Thehorizontal forces acting on the car are F
3
and F
4
repectively.
(a)
Name the force F
1
and F
4
(b)What is the magnitude of the resultant force of
(i)
F
1
and F
2
(ii)
F
3
and F
4
(c)Based on the answers in (b) relate the effect of forces in state of motion to deduce arelevant physics concept. Name the physics concept
TEACHER’S SIGNATURE : ………………………………….
35
60°60°W
30°60°String Q T
2
String PT
1