is a term to generically describe any finish material applied over a floorstructure to provide a walking surface.
is the general term for apermanent covering of a floor, or for the work of installing such a floor covering.Both terms are used interchangeably but floor covering refers more to loose-laidmaterials.Materials almost always classified as floor covering includecarpet, arearugs, and
resilient flooring such aslinoleumorvinylflooring. Materials commonly called
flooring includewood flooring,ceramic tile,stone,terrazzo, and various seamless
chemical floor coatings.
The choice of material for floor covering is affected by factors such as cost,endurance, noise insulation, comfort and cleaning effort. Some types of flooringmust not be installed below grade (lower than ground level), and laminate orhardwood should be avoided where there may be moisture or condensation. The sub-floor may be finished in a way that makes it usable without any extra work,see:
Carpetis a floor covering woven or felted from natural or man-made fibers.
is attached to the floor structure, extends wall-to-wall, and cannot be movedfrom place to place. Anunderlaycan extend carpet life and improve comfort.
Laminateis a floor covering that appears similar to hardwood but is made with aplywood or medium density fiberboard ("MDF") core with a plastic laminate toplayer. Laminate may be more durable than hardwood, but cannot be refinished likehardwood.Laminate flooringis available in many different patterns which canresemble different woods or even ceramic tile. It usually locks or taps together.
Rugsare also woven or felted from fibers, but are smaller than the room in whichthey are located, have a finished edge, and usually lie over another finished floorsuch as wood flooring. Rugs may either be temporarily attached to the flooringbelow by adhesive tape or other methods to prevent creep, or may be loose-laid.