Tina Elizabeth Varghese
Bioinformatics is the application of computer technology to themanagement of biological information. Computers are used to gather,store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information whichcan then be applied to gene-based drug discovery and development.The need for Bioinformatics capabilities has been precipitated by theexplosion of publicly available genomic information resulting from theHuman Genome Project. The goal of this project - determination of thesequence of the entire human genome (approximately three billion basepairs) - will be reached by the year 2002. The science of Bioinformatics,which is the melding of molecular biology with computer science, isessential to the use of genomic information in understanding humandiseases and in the identification of new molecular targets for drugdiscovery.
DNA, mRNA, HT, MS, annotation, BLAST, NCBI, EBI,BSA, MSA.
1.0 INTRODUCTION1.1General Information
was coined byPaulien Hogewegin 1979 for thestudy of informatic processes in biotic systems. Bioinformatics now entails the