cylinders' valves. These valves are known as Klem valves. All these valves have anactuator which gets operated by the pilot pressure.The detection of fire is done by various sensors installed in the machineryspaces.Though the opening of control box operates an alarm, the main decision for Co2 flooding is taken by the Chief engineer, after due consultation with the master of the ship. Before releasing Co2 into the fire affected space, it should be made surethat everybody is out of the place and the place is fully enclosed i.e all skylights andventilators are closed air-tight. Pumps supplying fuel oil should also be stopped inorder to prevent re-ignition.Separate levers for each and every space are present inside the main controllingcabinet. The operating of a particular lever activates the pilot bottles, which helps inreleasing the complete bank of bottles designated for that place. With the opening of the master valve, Co2 is flooded inside the fire affected space, which then smothersthe fire with the help of blanket effect.
Co2 System for Cargo Space
The release mechanism of CO2 system in cargo spaces is same as that of themachinery spaces. The only difference is that the cargo spaces have a different typeof fire detection system.For detection of fire in cargo hold, a sample of air is drawn from all the cargo holdsby an extractor fan.This sample of air is passed through a cabinet wherein a set of smoke sensitive sensors analyze the sample. The sensors will detect any presenceof smoke in the sample. As soon as the sensor detects smoke in the sample, itactivates the CO2 alarm system of the ship. A part of the sample is also dischargedto the wheelhouse in order to cross-check the presence of smoke in the sample. Thiscan be done by smelling the smoke. The sample is later vented to the air.In order to check whether the extractor is extracting samples from the holds, a smallindicator propeller is fitted, which ensures that the samples are taken.
Precaution to be taken after the fire is extinguished.
After the fire is extinguished by the flooding system, all the doors,hatches,vents andother openings should be opened in order to ventilate the space properly, before anyentry is made into the space.The space should not be approached with any type of open flames as it mightcontain flammable vapours, which can lead to fire or explosion.
Checks on the system
Pipes leading to the spaces should regularly be blown with air to ensure that they arenot blocked.
The level in the Co2 bottles should be checked on regular basis. If in a particular check, the difference is 10% of the total volume, the bottle should be replaced assoon as possible.