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Exam Reactions Multiple Choice 03

Exam Reactions Multiple Choice 03

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Published by: twinman42 on May 26, 2011
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Exam - Reactions1. At a certain temperature, the data below were collected for the reaction2ICl + H2  I2 + 2HCl. Determine the rate law for the reaction.2. At a certain temperature, the data below were collected for the reaction2ICl + H2  I2 + 2HCl. Determine the rate constant for the reaction.3. Use the table of data shown below to calculate the average rate of the reaction A  B between 10 s and 20 s.4. Which of the following would be true of an elementary reaction?A. elementary reactions are always first order B. elementary reactions are always slow and rate determiningC. the rate expression for an elementary reaction is k times the concentrations raised to the power of their coefficientsD. elementary reactions only occur in the first stage of a reaction5. For the reaction X2 + Y + Z  XY + XZ, it is found that the rate equation is rate = k [X2][Y]. Why doesthe concentration of Z have no effect on the rate?A. The concentration of Z is very small and the others are very large.
B. Z must react in a step after the rate determining step
.C. Z is an intermediate.D. The fraction of molecules of Z that have very high energies is zero.E. The activation energy for Z to react is very high.6. The rate law for the reaction H2O2 + 2H+ + 2I-  I2 + 2H2O is rate = k[H2O2][I-]. The followingmechanism has been suggested.Identify all intermediates included in this mechanism.A. H+ and I B. H+ and HOI
C. HOI and OH
D. H+ only E. H2O and OH7. When the concentrations of reactant molecules are increased, the rate of reaction increases. The bestexplanation for this phenomenon is that as the reactant concentration increases,A. the average kinetic energy of molecules increases.B
. the frequency of molecular
collisions increases.C. the rate constant increases.D. the activation energy increases.E. the order of reaction increases.8. A reaction mechanism usually isA. the same as the balanced chemical equation.
B. restricted to only one possible explanation.C. obvious if the reaction order is known.
. difficult, if not impossible, to prove
9. According to the collision theory, all collisions do not lead to reaction. Which choice gives both reasons
why not all collisions between reactant molecules lead to reaction?1. The total energy of two colliding molecules is less than some minimum amount of energy.2. Molecules cannot react with each other unless a catalyst is present.3. Molecules that are improperly oriented during collision will not react.4. Solids cannot react with gases.A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
C. 1 and 4 D. 2 and 3 E. 3 and 410. For the chemical reaction system described by the diagram below, which statement is
?A. The forward reaction is endothermic.B. The activation energy for the forward reaction is greater than the activation energy for the reversereaction.C. At equilibrium, the activation energy for the forward reaction is equal to the activation energy for thereverse reaction.
. The activation energy for the reverse
reaction is greater than the activation energy for the forwardreaction.E. The reverse reaction is exothermic.11. 19. Example: The reaction, 3NO
-> 2NO + 2O
2 ,
is an elementary reaction. What is its rate expression?A. rate
= k[NO
 B. rate= k 2[NO]C. rate = k[NO
. rate= k [NO]
12. Which one of the following changes would alter the rate constant (k) for the reaction 2A + B  products?A. increasing the concentration of AB. increasing the concentration of B
C. increasing the temperature
D. measuring k again after the reaction has run for a while13.14. The equilibrium constant for the gas phase reaction 2NH3 (g) <-> N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) is Keq = 230 at 300 °C. Atequilibrium,which is true?A) reactants predominate
B) products predominate
 C) only products are present
D) roughly equal amounts of products and reactants are present15. The rate law of the overall reaction, A + B -> C , is rate = k[ A ]^2 Which of the following will NOT increase the rateof a chemical reaction?A. increasing the temperature of the reactionB. increasing the concentration of reaction AC. adding a catalyst for the reaction
. increasing the concentration of reactant B
16. Nitrogen dioxide decomposes to nitric oxide and oxygen via the reaction: 2NO2  2NO + O2In a particular experiment at 300°C, [NO2] drops from 0.0100 to 0.00650 M in 75 s. The rate of Disappearance of NO2 for this period is __________ M/s.A. 3.5 x10
B. 6.5x10
C. 3.5 x10
. 4.7 x10
17. Azomethane, C2H6N2, decomposes to produce ethane, C2H6, and nitrogen, N2.C2H6N2(g)  C2H6(g) + N2(g)The results of a series of experiments carried out at the same temperature are shown below:Trial Initial [C2H6N2(g)] (M) Intial Rate (M/min)1 3.20 x 10-2 0.50 x 10-42 6.39 x 10-2 2.01 x 10-4What is the rate law?A. [C2H6N2(g)]3
B. [C2H6N2(g)]2
C. [C2H6N2(g)]
D. none18. For the above problem,17, calculate the specific rate constant, k, for the reaction.A. k = 2.1 x 10
B. k= 0.015
C. k = 0.05
D. k = 2.7219. The reaction, 2NO
-> 2NO + O
2 ,
is an elementary reaction. What is its rate expression?
A. rate = k[NO
 B. rate= k 2[NO]C. rate = k[NO
]/2D. rate= k [NO]19.20. When a doubling of a reactant concentration doubles the rate, the reaction is said to be:A. zero order in that reactant.
B. first order in that
reactant.C. second order in that reactant. D. fourth order in that reactant.21. The following chemical reaction gave the following rate data: A + B ---> C[A] [B] rate0.20 0.20 1 x 10-60.20 0.20 4 x 10-60.40 0.20 8 x 10-6The rate law for this reaction is:A. rate = k [A]2[B]
B. rate = k [A]
C. rate = k [A] [B]2 d. rate = k [A][B]23. What is the overall order of a reaction if it has following rate law? rate = k [NO] [N2]
[O2]a. first b. second c. third
d. fourth

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