Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels5
2. FIRED vsUNFIRED VESSEL
Sometimes the vessel is operated at (near) the ambient temperature,the vessel is obviously an unfired vessel.At other times, energy and heat have to be added to the content of thevessel. When heat transfer is involved, the vessel (pressure ornon-pressure) may be classified as:-A fired vessel (e.g. direct combustion or electrically powered)-An unfired vessel (e.g. heat exchangers)A fired vessel is one where heat is added to the content of the vesselby the application of fire, electrical power or similar high temperature means.An unfired vessel is one where heat is added to the content of the vesselby a stream of fluid at moderate temperatures.In this chapter, the discussion will be restricted to unfired vessels only.
Chapter 2 Pressure Vessels6
3. PRESSURE VESSEL vsNON-PRESSURE VESSEL
A non-pressure vessel is one where the design pressure is substantiallyatmospheric pressure.This may be a tank containing liquid with a certain vaporpressure. Theabsolute pressure of the vaporabove the liquid is ~ atmospheric.A vessel is considered a non-pressure vessel if it is subject only topressures caused by the static head of its contents such as liquid storagetanks.A
is one where the design pressure is substantiallygreater or less than atmospheric pressure.The present chapter will deal with pressure vessel only. The design ofnon-pressure vessel will be discussed later.