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عموميات حول الدوال العددية

# عموميات حول الدوال العددية

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11/15/2014

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Moustaouli Mohamed
ﺔﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

لاوﺪﻟا

لﻮﺣ

تﺎﻴﻣﻮﻤﻋ

I-
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا
–
ﻦﻴﺘﻟاد

يوﺎﺴﺗ
–
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟ

ﻲﻧﺎﻴﺒﻤﻟا

ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺘﻟا
1 /
ﺔﻟاد

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ
–
ﺔﻟاد

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ

طﺎﺸﻧ

ﺔﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ

دﺪﺣ

ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟا

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻠﻟ

x
ﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا

تﻻﺎﺤﻟا

ﻲﻓ

ﺔ

( ) ( )( ) ( )
22
52 1 ( ; (43 3 2( ; (2 33
x x b f x a x x x x d f x c x x x
= + == =+

ﻞﺤﻟا

( )
5(4
f x a x
=

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

x

D
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

4 0
x

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

4
x

نذا

{ }
4
f
D
=

( )
2 1 (
f x x b
= +

x D
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2 1 0
x
+

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

12
x

نذا

1;2
f
D
= +

( )
22
3 2; (2 3
x f x c x x
=+

x D
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
2 3 0
x x
+

ﻦﻜﻴﻟ

دوﺪﺤﻟا

ﺔﻴﺛﻼﺛ

ﺰﻴﻤﻣ

2
2 3
x x
+

4 12 16
= + =

ـﻟ

ﻪﻨﻣ

و

2
2 3
x x
+
ﺎﻤه

ﻦﻳﺮﺟ

1
2 1612
x
+= =
و

1
2 1632
x
= =

نذإ
{ }
3;1
f
D
=

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﺎﻨﻓﺮﻋ

ﺎﻨﻧا

لﻮﻘﻧﻲﻘﻴﻘﺣ

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ

ﺔﻳدﺪﻋ

ﺔﻟاد

ﻦﻣ

دﺪﻋ

ﻞآ

ﺎﻨﻄﺑر

اذا

ﺰﻣﺮﻧ

ﻲﻴﻘﺣ

دﺪﻌﺑ

ﺮﺜآﻻا

ﻰﻠﻋ

ـﺑ

ﻪﻟ
( )
f x
.
( )
f x
ةرﻮﺻ

أﺮﻘﺗ

x
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟﺎﺑ

f
رﺎﺼﺘﺧﺎﺑ

وأ

f
ـﻟ

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺣ

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ

ﺔﻳدﺪﻋ

ﺔﻟاد
.
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟﺎﺑ

ةرﻮﺻ

ﻞﺒﻘﺗ

ﻲﺘﻟا

ﺔﻴﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟا

داﺪﻋﻷا

ﻊﻴﻤﺟ

ﻦﻣ

ﺔﻧﻮﻜﻤﻟا

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻤﻟا

ﻲه

f

ـﺑ

ﺎﻬﻟ

ﺰﻣﺮﻧ
f
D
2-
ﻦﻴﺘﻟاد

يوﺎﺴﺗ

طﺎﺸﻧ

ﻦﻴﺘﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

ﻦﻴﺘﻟاﺪﻟا

نرﺎﻗ
f
و

g
ﻦﻴﺘﻴﻟﺎﺘﻟا

ﻦﻴﺘﻟﺎﺤﻟا

ﻲﻓ

ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺣ

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ

Moustaouli Mohamed
( ) ( )( ) ( )( )
2
11 ; (11 1 2; (2 2
x f x x g x a x f x g x b x x x x
= =+= =+ +
a/
ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ
f
D
=
و

{ }
1
g
D
=

ﻪﻨﻣو

g
D D
نذا

f
b/
ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ
{ }
*
2
g f
D D
= =

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

{ }
*
2
x

( )( ) ( )( )
1 1 2 22 2 2
x x f x  x x x x x x
+ = = = =+ + +

نذإ

f
=

ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

و

g
ﻘﻴﻘﺣ

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ

ﻦﻴﺘﻳدﺪﻋ

ﻦﻴﺘﻟاد

ﻲ

نﻮﻜﺗ

و

g
ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺘﻟا

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ

ﺲﻔﻧ

ﺎﻤﻬﻟ

نﺎآ

اذا

ﻂﻘﻓو

اذا

ﻦﻴﺘﻳوﺎﺴﺘﻣ

D
ﻞﻜﻟ

و

ﻦﻣ

D

( ) ( )
x g x
=
3-
ﺒﻤﻟا

ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺘﻟا

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟ

ﻲﻧﺎﻴ

طﺎﺸﻧ

ﺔﻳدﺪﻌﻟا

ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﺮﺒﺘﻌﻧ

ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺤﻟا

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻠﻟ

x

ﺚﻴﺣ

( )
2
42
x f x x
=

أ
-
دﺪﺣ

f
D

ب
-
ﻲﺑﻮﺗرأ

دﺪﺣ

A
و

B
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ﻦﻣ

ﻦﻴﺘﻄﻘﻧ

f

ﻲﻟاﻮﺘﻟا

ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺎﻤﻬﻴﻟﻮﺼﻓأ
0
و
3
ج
-

ﻂﻘﻨﻟا

ﻞه
( ) ( ) ( )
4; 6 ; 4;6 ; 2;0
E D
ﻰﻟإ

ﻲﻤﺘﻨﺗ

د
–
ﺐﺘآأ

( )
f x
ﻢﺛ

ﺔﻘﻠﻄﻤﻟا

ﺔﻤﻴﻘﻠﻟ

ﺰﻣر

نوﺪﺑ

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ﺊﺸﻧأ

f
ﻢﻠﻌﻣ

ﻰﻟا

بﻮﺴﻨﻣ

ىﻮﺘﺴﻣ

ﻲﻓ

ﻢﻈﻨﻤﻣ

ﺪﻣﺎﻌﺘﻣ
( )
; ;
O i j

ﻞﺤﻟا

أ
-
ﻧدﺪﺤ
f
D

x D
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2 0
x

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
x

ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

2
x
وأ

2
x
=

نذإ

{ }
2;2
f
D
=

ب
-
ﻧﻲﺑﻮﺗرأ

دﺪﺤ
A
و

B
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ﻦﻣ

ﻦﻴﺘﻄﻘﻧ

f
ﻰﻠﻋ

ﺎﻤﻬﻴﻟﻮﺼﻓأ

ﻲﻟاﻮﺘﻟا
0
و
3
ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ

( )
40 22
f
= =
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

( )
0;2
A

ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ

( )
9 43 53 2
f
= =
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

( )
3;5
B

ح
-

ﻂﻘﻨﻟا

ﻞه
( ) ( ) ( )
4; 6 ; 4;6 ; 2;0
E D
ﻰﻟإ

ﻲﻤﺘﻨﺗ

ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ

{ }
2 2;2
ﻪﻨﻣو

( )
2;0
C

ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ

( )
16 44 64 2
f
= =
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

( )
4;6
f
D

ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟ

( )
16 44 64 2
f
= =
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

( )
4; 6
f
E

د
–
ﻧﺐﺘﻜ
( )
f x
ﺔﻘﻠﻄﻤﻟا

ﺔﻤﻴﻘﻠﻟ

ﺰﻣر

نوﺪﺑ

Moustaouli Mohamed
ﺎﻨﻳﺪﻟنﺎآ

اذإ
[ [ ] [
0;2 2;
x
+

نﺎﻓ

( )( )( )
2
2 2422 2
x x x f x x x x
+= = = +

نﺎآ

اذإ
] [ ] ]
; 2 2;0
x
∪ −

نﺎﻓ

( )( )( )
2
2 2422 2
x x x f x x x x
+= = = +

ﻧ

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻟا

ﺊﺸﻨ

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ

ءﺰﺟ
f
ﻰﻠﻋ
[ [ ] [
0;2 2;
+∞
ﻲه

2
y x
= +
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

ﺔﻄﻘﻨﻟا

ﻪﻠﺻأ

ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ

ﻊﺼﻧ

( )
0;2
A

لﻮﺼﻓﻷا

تاذ

ﺔﻄﻘﻨﻟا

ﻦﻣ

موﺮﺤﻣ
2
ءﺰﺟ

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ

f
ﻰﻠﻋ

] [ ] ]
; 2 2;0
∪ −
ﻲه

2
y x
= − +
ﻪﻨﻣ

و

ﺔﻄﻘﻨﻟا

ﻪﻠﺻأ

ﻢﻴﻘﺘﺴﻣ

ﻊﺼﻧ

( )
0;2
A
موﺮﺤﻣ

لﻮﺼﻓﻷا

تاذ

ﺔﻄﻘﻨﻟا

ﻦﻣ
2-
ﻒﻳﺮﻌﺗ

ﻦﻜﺘﻟ

ﻲﻘﻴﻘﺣ

ﺮﻴﻐﺘﻤﻟ

ﺔﻳدﺪﻋ

ﺔﻟاد
.
ﺔﻟاﺪﻠﻟ

ﻲﻧﺎﻴﺒﻤﻟا

ﻞﻴﺜﻤﺘﻟا

f
)
ﺔﻟاﺪﻟا

ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻣ

وأ
(
ﻂﻘﻨﻟا

ﺔﻋﻮﻤﺠﻣ

ﻮه
( )
( )
;
x f x
ﺚﻴﺣ

D
ﺰﻣﺮﻧ

ﺰﻣﺮﻟﺎﺑ

ﺎﻬﻟ

( )
( )
{ }
; /
f f
C M x f x x D
=

ﺔﻈﺣﻼﻣ

( )
;
f
x y
ﺊﻓﺎﻜﺗ

( )
y f x
=
و

x D

ﺔﻗﻼﻌﻟا

( )
y f x
=
ﻰﻨﺤﻨﻤﻠﻟ

ﺔﻴﺗرﺎﻜﻳد

ﺔﻟدﺎﻌﻣ

ﻰﻤﺴﺗ

f