performance. It was also fund that dimensions and tolerance could be altered without affecting theperformance of the part or the product. The investigations took them on the path of eliminating someoperations. The focus was on the value of each bit materials, each operation. This approach led to thedesign stage.
In implementation of VA, Ashok Leyland changed gear material from phosphor bronze to aless expensive cast iron and eliminated frequent field complaint of gear seizure in trucks.
T.V. Sundaram Lyenger (TVS) Limited is one of the largest automobile distributioncompanies in India.During the mid 1940 to 1960s, TVS based in Madurai was ranked as the best bustransportation system in India. It could manage to run the fleets for about 96% of the time.TVS used the VE approach to restore the mobility of buses that had broken down. Theystocked their garage with some critical assemblies of a bus. Whenever, a part or an assembly failed of a bus, they replaced it immediately with a new one, thus restoring mobility within a couple of hours.When compared to the traditional method, this approach has gained much more benefits to thecompany, it helped to save time, reduce cost, efficient, quicker, and competitive.
Modi Xerox designed the VE-d low cost copier 1025 ST, which uses a single tray. Theadvantage of new design is that it is easy to operate and the cost is also very low.
Titan watches introduced new designs adopting a strategy of innovation.
Q.3. Explain different types of quantitative models. Differentiate between work study andmotion study.Ans.
There are different quantitative models.
Linear programming technique is often used for optimizing a given objective like; profit orrevenue maximization, or cost outgo minimization. Distribution of the revenues is the critical issue,when there are limited resources and they have to meet competing demands.
Transportation model is concerned with goods from manufacturing center or warehouseswhich have to be supplied to depots or retails outlets. The demand and supply position of the places