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Published by Nathanian
For Class XII , Electrostatics.
For Class XII , Electrostatics.

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Published by: Nathanian on May 26, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Electrostatic Force
1.Frictional Electricity2.Properties of Electric Charges3.Coulombs Law4.Coulomb’s Law in Vector Form5.Units of Charge6.Relative Permittivity or Dielectric Constant7.Continuous Charge Distributioni) Linear Charge Densityii) Surface Charge Densityiii) Volume Charge Density
Frictional Electricity:
Frictional electricity is the electricity produced by rubbing two suitable bodiesand transfer of electrons from one body to other.
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GlassSilkEboniteFlannelElectrons in glass are loosely bound in it than the electrons insilk. So, whenglass and silk are rubbed together, the comparatively loosely bound electronsfrom glass get transferred to silk.As a result, glass becomes positively charged and silk becomes negativelycharged.Electrons in fur are loosely bound in it than the electrons in ebonite. So, whenebonite and fur are rubbed together, the comparatively loosely bound electronsfrom fur get transferred to ebonite.As a result, ebonite becomes negatively charged and fur becomes positivelycharged.
It is very important to note that the electrification of the body (whetherpositive or negative) is due to transfer of electrons from one body to another.i.e. If the electrons are transferred from a body, then the deficiency ofelectrons makes the body positive.If the electrons are gained by a body, then the excess of electrons makes thebody negative.If the two bodies from the following list are rubbed, then the body appearingearly in the list is positively charges whereas the latter is negatively charged.Fur, Glass, Silk, Human body, Cotton, Wood, Sealing wax, Amber, Resin,Sulphur, Rubber, Ebonite.CombDry hairPolytheneEboniteAmber, Ebonite, Rubber, PlasticWool, FlannelSilkGlassColumn II (-veCharge)Column I (+veCharge)

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