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Alien Criminal Liberties Union Lawsuit

Alien Criminal Liberties Union Lawsuit

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Published by oneoldv

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: oneoldv on May 26, 2011
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05/26/2011

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UNITEDSTATESDISTRICTCOURTSOUTHERNDISTRICTOFINDIANAINDIANAPOLISDIVISIONINGRIDBUQUER,BERLINURTIZ,)andLOUISAADAIR,ontheirownbehalf)andonbehalfofthosesimilarlysituated,)
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Plaintiffs,v.CITYOFfNDIANAPOLISandtheMARIONCOUNTYPROSECUTOR,inhisofficialcapacity,CITYOFFRANKLIN;JOHNSONCOUNTYSHERIFF,inhisofficialcapacity,andtheJOHNSONCOUNTYPROSECUTOR,inhisofficialcapacity,Defendants.No.
1:
11
-ev-
0708SEB-
MJD
CLASSACTIONCOMPLAINTFORDECLARATORYANDINJUNCTIVERELIEF/NOTICEOFCHALLENGETOCONSTITUTIONALITYOFSTATESTATUTE
Introduction
1.OnMay10,2011,theGovernoroftheStateofIndianasignedintolawSenateEnrolledAct590("SEA590"),therelevantportionsofwhichwillbecodifiedatIndianaCode§34-28-
8.2-1,
etseq.
andIndianaCode§35-33-1-1,
etseq.,
effectiveJuly1,2011.Thelawallowsstateandlocallawenforcementofficerstomakewarrantlessarrestsofapersonwhohas"aremovalorderissuedforthepersonbyanimmigrationcourt,"or"adetainerornoticeofactionissued"forthem,eventhoughtheyhavebeenlawfullyreleasedbyfederalimmigrationofficials,andeventhoughtheyhavecommittednocrime.Additionally,thelawexpansivelyallowslawenforcementofficialstoarrestanyonesolelybecauseheorshe"hasbeenindictedorconvictedofanaggravatedfelony,asdefinedin8U.S.C.1101(a)(43),"regardlessofwhetherthepersonis
 
2
aU.S.citizen,wasneveractuallyconvictedoftheoffense,hasbeenreleasedonbail,orhasalreadyservedthesentencefortheaggravatedfelony.Finally,thelawmakesitunlawfulforforeignnationalsinIndianatooffertheirforeigngovernment-issuedconsularidentificationcardforidentificationpurposes,andforanygovernmentalorprivateentitytoacceptaconsularidentificationcardforidentificationpurposes.2.Thisactionseeksdeclaratoryandinjunctivereliefonbehalfofaclassofpersonswhohaveeither"aremovalorderissuedforthepersonbyanimmigrationcourt,"or"adetainerornoticeofactionissued"forthem,orwhohave"beenindictedfororconvictedofone(1)ormoreaggravatedfelonies(asdefinedin8U.S.c.
1101
(a)(43),"eventhoughtheyhavebeenlawfullyreleasedbyfederalorstatelawenforcementofficials.InsofarasSEA590authorizesstateandlocallawenforcementofficerstoarrestpersonswithoutreasonablesuspicionorprobablecauseofanyunlawfulconduct,muchlesscriminalactivity,itviolatestheFourthAmendment's.prohibitiononunreasonableseizures.SEA590alsoconflictswithandispreemptedbytheImmigrationandNationalityAct,8U.S.C.
§
1101,
etseq.,
whichprovidesacomprehensivestatutoryframeworkfortheregulationofimmigrationthatamongotherthings,containsdetailedprovisionsgoverningthedetentionandreleaseofnon-citizensinremovalproceedings.3.Thisactionalsoseeksdeclaratoryandinjunctivereliefonbehalfofaclassofpersonswhoregularlyusetheirconsularidentificationcardsforidentificationpurposes,including,amongotherthings,whenbankingorinteractingwithconsularofficials.WhenSEA590goesintoeffectJuly1,20II,theclasswillnolongerbeabletousethismethodofidentificationwithoutviolatingIndianalaw,andtheirconsularidentificationcardswillbecomeuselessinthestateofIndiana.SEA
590's
prohibitiononconsularidentificationcardsisdirectlypreemptedbyfederalregulationsthatauthorizebankstoacceptforeigngovernment-issuedphotoidentification
 
forverifyingtheidentityofaccountholders.
See
31C.F.R.§1020.220.ThelawisalsopreemptedbythePresident'sconstitutionalauthoritytoconductforeignaffairsinsofarasstaterestrictionsontheuseofconsularidentificationcardsinterfereswiththeUnitedStatescarryingoutcertaintreatyobligationswithforeigncountriesandmightresultinforeigngovernmentsretaliatingbyimposingsimilarrestrictionsonU.S.nationalsabroad.Finally,theprohibitionontheuseofconsularidentificationcardsviolatestheDueProcessClauseoftheFourteenthAmendmentoftheu.S.Constitutionbecauseitisnotrationallyrelatedtoanylegitimategovernmentalpurpose.
Jurisdiction,Venue,andCauseofAction
4.ThisCourthasjurisdictionofthiscausepursuantto28U.S.C.§1331.5.Venueisproperinthisjudicialdistrictpursuantto28U.S.C.§1391.6.DeclaratoryreliefisauthorizedbyRule57oftheFederalRulesofCivilProcedureand28U.S.C.§§2201and2202.7.Thisactionisbroughtpursuantto42U.S.c.§1983toredressthedeprivation,undercolorofstatelaw,ofrightssecuredbytheConstitutionandlawsoftheUnitedStates,andasapreemptionclaimbroughtpursuanttothedecisionoftheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtin
Shaw
v.DeltaAirlines,Inc.,
463U.S.85,96n.14(1983)(holdingthataplaintiffpresentingapre-emptionclaim"presentsafederalquestionwhichthefederalcourtshavejurisdictionunder28U.S.C.§1331toresolve"evenintheabsenceofacauseofactionunder42U.S.C.§1983).
Parties
8.IngridBuquerisacitizenofMexicoandisaresidentofFranklin,IndianainJohnsonCounty.9.BerlinUrtizisacitizenofMexicoandisaresidentofMarionCounty.Hehasbeena
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