2008 San Lorenzo Public Library presentation, San Lorenzo, CA 3McKinley conveniently portrayed Filipinos as uncivilized savages needing to beeducated, civilized, and christianized. Senator Beveridge explained it thus: “[TheFilipinos] are a barbarous race....
[PP, Not encouraging]
They are not capableof self-government. How could they be?…. They are Orientals…. TheDeclaration [of Independence] applies only to people capable of self-government.” To bolster this sentiment,
[PP, School begins]
The degrading andracist stereotypes of Native Americans,
[PP, You’re next]
blacks, and Chineseas buffoons, ignorant, child-like, or less than human was re-applied to Filipinos.
Artists portrayed Filipinos as pickanninies or diminutive blacksavages, as in this
cartoon.What most people did not know was that Filipinos had already declared their independence and had began the process of building the first democraticrepublic in Southeast Asia. Moreover, Filipinos had an educational system older than that of the United States, The University of Santo Tomas, a European-styleuniversity predates the oldest American university Harvard.
Rampant racism fueled the brutality that characterized thePhilippine-American War.
[PP, Kill everyone over 10]
This is reflected in a letter by a soldier who wrote: “Orders were received … to burn the town and kill everynative in site; which was done to a finish. About 1,000 men, women, andchildren were killed. [
PP, First black bored]
I am probably growing hard-hearted, for I am in my glory when I can sight my gun on some dark skin and pullthe trigger.”
Depending on which historian you read, the estimates of Filipinoskilled during the war range from a quarter of a million, to 616,000 to over amillion.
[PP, Civilization begins]
The Philippine-American War took place during ahistorical period when racial violence in the US was both at its height and wasofficially sanctioned.
[PP, For one negro]
Although slavery had ended, thehopes for racial justice and equality under post-civil war reconstruction weredashed as African Americans were increasingly disenfranchised.
Six segregated regiments of African-American soldiers were sent tofight in the Philippine-American War. Over 6000 African American soldiers sawservice in the Philippines. While some felt that by demonstrating their loyalty theycould improve the lot of African Americans back home; others grew increasingcritical of the war. Sgt. John Galloway of the 24th Colored Infantry wrote: " Thefuture of the Filipino, I fear, is that of the Negro in the south."During the war, Filipinos were not the only ones depicted derisively.
[PP, Idol of the aunties]
Opponents to the war here in the U.S were likewise derided.Leading the opposition to war was the U.S. Anti-Imperialist League. Reflectingthe sexist and racist attitudes of the time, the anti-imperialists were depicted asold foolish women enamored of the Filipino leader Aguinaldo.
[PP, Rev. Jasper]