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Best English Grammar

Best English Grammar

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Published by Lauritz
Mejor guía para aprender gramática inglesa
Mejor guía para aprender gramática inglesa

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Published by: Lauritz on May 27, 2011
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07/23/2013

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UNIVERSIDAD DE CARABOBOFACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓNDEPARTAMENTO DE IDIOMAS MODERNOSCÁTEDRA DE LINGÜÍSTICA Y GRAMÁTICA INGLESA
 
MY COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMARSTUDY GUIDE
Prof. Ligia Cossé
 
May, 2005
 
i
INDEX
Introduction
…………………………………………………………………...viii
PART I: The First Level of Grammar
………………………………….…….1
Section 1.
I.1. Parts of Speech …………………………………………………...….1I.1.1. Semantic Criterion ……………………………………… ….…....2I.1.2. Morphological Criterion …………………………………………3I.1.3. Syntactic Criterion ………………………………………….……..3
Section 2.
I.2.1. Nouns: “The Naming Words”……………………………………5I.2.2. Characteristics of Nouns …………………………………………5I.2.2.1. Noun Endings …………………………………………………...51.2.2.2. Noun Markers …………………………………………………..6I.2.2.3. Number …………………………………………………………..7I.2.2.4. Gender ………………………………………………………….10I.2.3. Noun Classes …………………………………………………….11I.2.3.1. Concrete and Abstract Nouns ………………………..11I.2.3.2. Common and Proper Nouns …………………………11I.2.3.3. Count and Non-count Nouns ………………………...12I.2.4. Pronouns: A Subclass of Nouns ………………………..13
Section 3
I.3.1. Determiners: The Specifiers of Nouns ………………………...16I.3.2. Numerals and Determiners …………………………………….19I.3.3. The Ordering of Determiners …………………………………..21I.3.3.1. Predeterminers …………………………………………21I.3.3.2. Central Determiners……………………………………21I.3.3.3. Postdeterminers ………………………………………..22
Section 4
I.4.1. Adjectives: The Modifiers of Nouns …………………………...23I.4.2. Characteristics of Adjectives …………………………………...25I.4.3. Attributive and Predicative Adjectives ………………………..271.4.4. Nominal Adjectives ……………………………………………..28I.4.5. The Ordering of Adjectives ……………………………………..29I.4.6. Participial Adjectives ……………………………………………30
 
ii
Section 5
I.5.1. Prepositions ………………………………………………………35I.5.2. Prepositional Meanings …………………………………………37I.5.2.1. Place ……………………………………………………..37I.5.2.2. Time ……………………………………………………..39I.5.2.3. Other Meanings ………………………………………..40
Section 6
I.6.1. Verbs: The Action or State Words ………………….………….43I.6.2. Verb Forms ……………………………………………………….44I.6.3. Auxiliary Verbs ………………………………………………….46I.6.3.1. Semi-auxiliaries………………………………………...49I.6.4. Tense and Aspect ………………………………………………..50I.6.4.1. The Communicative Function of Tense and Aspect..51I.6.4.1.1. The Present Tense…………………………….51I.6.4.1.2.The Past Tense…………………………………52I.6.4.1.3. The Present Perfect …………………………..52I.6.4.1.4. The Perfect Progressive ……………………..53I.6.4.1.5. The Past Perfect ………………………………53I.6.4.1.6. The Progressive Aspect ……………………...54I.6.4.1.7. The Future Time ……………………………..54I.6.4.1.7.1. Other Ways of ExpressingFuture………………………………..55I.6.5. Verbs Taking and Not Taking The Progressive……………….56I.6.6. The Syntactic Classification of Verbs ………………………….57
Section 7
I.7.1. Adverbs: The Modifiers of Verbs and Adjectives ……………60I.7.2. Adverbs and Adjectives ………………………………………...61I.7.3. Adverbial Meaning ……………………………………………...62I.7.3.1. Circumstantial Adverbs ………………………………62I.7.3.2. Adverbs of Frequency ………………………………...63I.7.4. Other Adverbial Meaning ………………………………………64I.7.5. The Position of Adverbs within the Sentence ………………...65I.7.6. Adverbials ………………………………………………………..66
Section 8
I.8.1. Conjunctions: “The Joining Words” …………………………...67I.8.2. Types of Coordination …………………………………………..68I.8.3. Subordinating Conjunctions ……………………………………70
Section 9
I.9.1. Interjections: The Words to Express Emotions …………. …...71

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