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ME 415 Assignment 1

ME 415 Assignment 1

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12/11/2012

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2.
t
rJ.
4.
5.
ME
4L5:
Refrigeration
and
Building
Mechanical
Systems
1. An
ideal
R134a
chiller
operates
with
a condensing
temperatureof
45'C
and
an
eraporatortemperature
of
2"C.
If
the
cooling
rate
is
20 tons,
what
are
the
refiigerant
fl.o"v
rate,
condenserpressure.
evapola[or
pressure.
COP.
EER
and
k\\'/ron?
1.1$o)f'1Pao-sttrOtMpa
b.LtZ'
t,,c;
0.6.48
o.5r+
r<B/s
Calculate
the
power
required
by the two
compressors
in
an ammonia
system
which
serves
a
50
ton
er.aporator
at
20oC.
The
system
uses
two
stage
compression
with
inter-coolingandremoval
of
flashgas.
The
condensing
temperatureis
40oC.
lg.676kd
A
two
stage
idealyapour
compression
refrigeration
sys{,sm
with
regenerative inter-coolingop€rates
with
R134a and has
pressures
of
0.1, 0.4
and
0.9
IVIPa
in
the
evaporator,
flash
charnberand
conderrser)
respectively'.
If
the
refrigerantload is
5 tons, estimate
the
COP
of tlre
s1'stem.
g-46
An
ideal vapour-compression
refrigeration
c1'cle,
with
ammonia
as
the
w-orking
fluid,
has
an
evaporatortemperature
of
20oC
and
condenserpressure
of
1.2
]r{Pa.
Saturated
rapour
enters
the
compressor
and saturated
liquid
exitsthe condenser.
The
mass
flow
rate of
the
refrigerant
is3
kg/min.
Estimate
tu"
",8.?:,',J;;i;L:f5.fff
and
the ralue
of
,93i
Drawa
performance
cur\€ ofan
ideal
R134a vapour-compressionsystem showing
com-
pressorpos,'er,
refrigerationeffect
andCOP
as
a
function
of
e%porator
or
condenser
temperature.
It
isgiven
that,
refrigerant
flow
rate is
1
kg/rnin.
(a)
Evaporatortemperatureisfixed
at
0"C,
and
condenser
temperature
r.'aries
from
20
to
50"C,
in
an
intervalof
5"C.
(b)
Condenser
temperature
is
fixed
at
30.,C,and
the er.aporatortemperature
varies
from
35
to
OoC,
in
an
intervalof
5oC.
An
ideal
vapour-compressionsystem
is modified
to
include
a
counter-florn,
heat
exchanger.
Refrigerant
134aleaves
the
er.aporator
at
0.14
N,IPa
andis heated
at
constant
pressure
to
20"C
befcrre
enteringthe
compressor.
Followingtheisentropic
compression
to
1.2
MPa, the
refrigerant
passes
through
the
condenser,
exiting
al44"C.
The
liquid
then
passed
through
the
heat
exchanger,
entering
the
expansionvalve
at
1.2
MPa.
If
the
mass
flo'"rr
rate
ofrefrigerantis
6
kg/min.
estimate
therefrigeration
effectand
COP
of
the
systern.
l5.7l3ki'l
/
.etl
6.
 
Pnoblom
I
Givelt,
k,:Tz-
4O"c
fi-Ta-
2'c
Gorz.
e4VL
,
From,
Table,
IZofrigerotb:
R,lb\a.
9u:
20
bons/da6
:
20
ry:
*
lgoot'<ar.
/datd
'vdod'-
I
bon
$6e1oos
:7O.gZkN
Qr:
rn
(h,-
hu)
l4in
:
ri
(lr'-
et)
h,,@7,
,
\tt:3gg
"7+
kil/kB
sr:
t.72G
A8/,(6-K
Pr:
0'O1462
l'APo'
Ite=A,&@Ts,AtA:
268'95<a/rg
Ps:
t-
I
GO
Z
MPa
 
It
@Pe&Tr_
tL2-
424-85
t<il/kgAlod,
Qt-:
m
(L,-
e,4)
->
70.32:
n
(eso.a7
-
z63.9o)
+
rn=O.517
xg/s
Nin
=+
lAin:
12.96
kn
coP:
#-
o.42
70.e2xl20oo
EER.,-
?rin
6TU/lrr
_-
o.ot6
Nin
in
N
t2.g^6xtoa
:
lB.5z
t
2.96
L<N/Uon:T-
0'648

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