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Bahan Ajar Sifat Koligatif

Bahan Ajar Sifat Koligatif

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Published by Bimbel Briliant
Bahan Ajar kimia kelas 11 ttg sifat koligatif
Bahan Ajar kimia kelas 11 ttg sifat koligatif

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Published by: Bimbel Briliant on May 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/12/2012

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- Page1 -
SIFAT-SIFAT KOLIGATIF LARUTAN
1.Penurunan Tekanan Uap:Untuk larutan ideal (lar. Roult) non elektrolit:
P = X
A
. P
o
; P = X
B
. P
o
, dimana:P
o
= tekanan uap jenuh pelarut murni.P = tekanan uap jenuh larutan.
P = penurunan tekanan uap jenuh.X
A =
fraksi mol zat terlarut.X
B =
fraksi mol zat pelarut.Untuk larutan elektrolit:Rumus
P & P sama dengan nonelektrolit, tapi
innn X ninin X 
 A B B B B A A A
.,..
+=+=
 dimana n
A
= mol zat terlarut, n
B
= mol zat pelarut, i = factor Van’t Hoff2.Kenaikan Titik Didih (
Tb)a.untuk larutan non elektrolit:
Tb = Kb . mb.untuk larutan elektrolit (asam, basa, garam)
Tb = Kb . m . i ; i = 1 + (n-1) .
α 
, dimana:
Tb = kenaikan titik didih.Kb = tetapan kenaikan titik didih molal.m = kemolalan larutan.i = factor Van’t Hoff.n = jumlah ion yang terjadi.
α 
=
awal  jumlahmengion yang  jumlah
= derajat ionisasi.catatan: jika
α 
tidak diketahui, dianggap sama dengan 1.3.Penurunan Titik Beku (
Tf)a.untuk larutan non elektrolit:
Tf = Kf . mb.untuk larutan elektrolit (asam, basa, garam)
Tf = Kf . m . i ; i = 1 + (n-1) .
α 
, dimana:
Tf = penurunan titik beku.Kf = tetapan penurunan titik beku molal.4.Tekanan Osmotik Larutan:a.untuk larutan non elektrolit:
π  
. V = n R T ;
π  
= M R T 
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