LanguageTechniqueDefinition Example Effect
AlliterationThe repetition of consonants at thebeginning of two or morewords immediatelysucceeding each other, orat short intervalsBehemoth, biggest born of earth, upheaved Hisvastness. - Milton.Fly o'er waste fens andwindy fields. - Alfred Tennyson.In regular writing and speech, alliteration provides emphasis,and sometimes aids in memory because it is catchy andperhaps humorous. For instance, if you title your speech "TheMenace of Money" rather than "Money is Bad," people will bemore likely to remember it.In poetry, sometimes it adds to the spoken form of a poem aswell (many poets consider the spoken form of a poem part of the art).AllusionAn allusion is a referenceto, or representation of, aplace, event, literary work,myth, or work of art, eitherdirectly or by implication.“I bathed in theEuphrates…” - A NegroSpeaks of Rivers makes useof historical allusion.It allows the author to incorporate other texts into their own textand therefore imports new meanings. It is often used forhumorous effect or to create an 'in-joke' where the reader gainssatisfaction by 'getting' the reference and seeing themselves(and possibly the product in question) as witty and intelligent.AnacoluthonA construction involving abreak in grammaticalsequence - particularlycommon in conversationalspeech where we jumpfrom one thought toanother without usinglinking grammar.
I warned him that if hecontinues to drink...what will become of him?Should we go to the...Oh my God, did anyone just seethat?
Sometimes used for rhetorical effect. It adds a pause where thereader/listener can think and take the sentence in. It also helpsto represent true human speech and how we think infragmented, non-logical patterns.AnalogySimilarity in some respectsbetween things that areotherwise dissimilar. The analogy between theheart and a pump.Comparing one thing to another to simplify the meaning of it. This process often creates simple images for the reader/listenerto consider in order to help them understand more complexideas.AntithesisThe direct or exactopposite
Hope is the antithesis of despair.
Using two strongly contrasting ideas in juxtaposition can createtension and can also draw the readers attention to the spaceinbetween the two extremes.