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Khapra Beetle

Khapra Beetle

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Published by draculavanhelsing
fact sheet
fact sheet

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: draculavanhelsing on May 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/25/2014

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Return to AGWESTIndex
Khapra beetle Trogodermagranarium An exotic threat toWestern Australia
Factsheet 22/2000
 By Greg Shea, John Botha and Robert Emery, GrainGuard TM Initiative AGWEST 
Background
Khapra beetle is one of the most serious pests of stored grain products, especially when stored underhot, dry conditions. It is a very persistent pest of storage structures, packaging and transport vehicles,and is a regulated quarantine pest in many countries.
Distribution
Khapra beetle is a native to the Orient, but has become established in a number of Asian, MiddleEast and African countries, as well as some European countries. These include Denmark, France,Germany, Great Britain, Holland, Portugal, and Algeria, Cyprus and Israel. It is also present in thePhilippines and Russia. In Venezuela and Uruguay it is considered to be endemic.Khapra beetle is typically a pest of hot, dry climates or of commodities stored in hot dry conditions.
Factsheet 22/2000 : Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia
 
Given the localities around the world where it has established, it is likely that Khapra would also geta foothold in Western Australia if quarantine violations occur.
Potential impact
Khapra beetle is considered to be one of the most serious pests of grain in the world. It may causelosses to stored grain of 5 to 30 percent and losses have been known to reach as high as 70 percent.Current phosphine treatments used to control grain pests may not be effective against some of theresistant Khapra beetle strains. International grain markets are becoming more discerning and it isessential that we adapt to these changing markets, especially given that 90% of our annual harvest isexported. Customers continue to demand grain that is completely free of grain insects.
Hosts
Lucerne, almond, barley, bean, corn/maize, chickpea, cowpea, dried fruit peanuts, oats, pecans, rice,walnuts, wheat as well as miscellaneous foodstuffs such as powdered milk, dried blood along withtheir packaging.
Symptoms, detection and eradication
The larvae and their cast skins are the most conspicuous feature of a Khapra beetle infestation. Aswith the Warehouse beetle, Khapra beetles are brown-black oval shaped and 2-3 mm in length.Khapra and Warehouse beetles are very similar, and can only be distinguished from one another by aspecialist.
Factsheet 22/2000 : Khapra beetle Trogoderma granarium An exotic threat to Western Australia

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