Figure 5. Recommended pattern for monitoring aphid levels in a lupin paddock.Figure 6. Look for clusters of aphids and symptoms of leaf curling on plant inflorescences(tips) when monitoring for aphids. It is important torandomly select plants whenchecking your crop.Figure 7. Adult hoverflies areactive when it gets warmer inlate winter and early spring.Their larvae attack aphids.
over summer. Aphids often build up in number on the edges of a crop beforemoving throughout a paddock.
Species that attack lupins
All five species of aphids found on lupins in WA are introduced. The threemost common species are the cowpea aphid,
and green peach aphid,
. Twoother minor species sporadically recorded on lupin grown on the south coastare the leafcurl plum aphid,
and the potato aphid,
This farmnote will focus on the three commonaphid species, which often occur together in a lupin paddock.
Be aware of the aphid resistance status of the lupin variety you are growing.
Be aware that susceptible varieties grown in low rainfall zones are atgreatest risk to feeding dmage.
Start regular monitoring in your crop when buds first appear until pod set iscomplete
Apply a spray if more than 30 per cent f sampled inflorescences haveclusters of aphids, at times associated with symptoms of curled leavescaused by feeding damage.
Cowpea aphid (CPA)
The cowpea aphid (Figure 2)measures 1.4 to 2.0 mm and has a black body,
and black and white legs. It tends to arrive in lupin crops earlier than greenpeach or bluegreen aphids. They often form dense colonies on a single plantbefore moving onto surrounding plants, and the contrast of their black bodiesagainst green plants make them very visible. Such heavy colonisation cancause rapid wilting. The cowpea aphid's host range includes pasture medics,faba beans and tree lucerne.
Bluegreen aphid (BGA)
The bluegreen aphid (Figure 3) is the largest of the three common species,measuring 1.5 to 3 mm long. Both the winged and wingless forms are a mattbluish-green, similar to the mature leaves of narrow-leaf lupins, and thewinged form has a light beige thorax. This species prefers to feed on legumes,and is a common pest of medic and sub-clover pastures. Large numbers of winged BGA fly from pastures to lupin crops later in the growing season. Thisspecies builds up to heavy colonies throughout the crop on susceptible lupinvarieties.
Green peach aphid (GPA)
The green peach aphid (1.2 to 2.3 mm) tends to be shiny or waxy, and rangesfrom yellow, through to green and pink. The yellowy green forms are similarin colour to young unfurled lupin leaves. The winged forms have a dark patchon their backs. GPA tends to be evenly distributed throughout the lupin crop,unlike cowpea aphid, which has a patchy distribution. The size of theircolonies are usually smaller than those of BGA and CPA. GPA colonises awide host range, and are often found on a variety of weeds including wild
Farmnote 44/99 : Aphids in lupin crops: their biology and control