Carbon compounds can be classified as organic carbon compounds andinorganic carbon compounds.Hydrocarbon compounds are organic compoundsthat contain only carbon and hydrogen elements that bond together bycovalent bonds.There are two types of hydrocarbon compounds which aresaturated hydrocarbon compounds and unsaturated hydrocarbon compounds.
Table 11.1 Comparison between organic and inorganic carbon compoundsTable 11.2 Comparison between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarboncompounds
Table 11.3 Functional groups of several homologous series
Table 11.4 General formulae of homologous series.
Alkane is a saturated hydrocarbon compound with a general formula ofCnH
whereby n = 1,2,3,...All alkanes burn completely, in excess