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Stoichiometry

# Stoichiometry

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11/04/2012

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Stoichiometry

StoichiometryStoichiometry

Recall that many conversion factors exist:4 mol NH
3
/5 mol O
2
, 6 mol H
2
O/4 mol NH
3
, etc

In words, this tells us that for every 4 moles of NH
3
, 5 moles of O
2
are required, etc.

³Stoichiometry´ refers to the relative quantitiesof moles. It also refers to calculations thatmake use of mole ratios.

Recall also that molar masses provide factors:

1 mol NH
3
/ 17 g NH
3
, 32 g O
2
/ 1 mol O
2

Is 4 g NH
3
/ 5 g O
2
a conversion factor?

No. The equation tells us moles not grams.

Notice that stoichiometry requires precision

Consider: 4NHConsider: 4NH
33
+ 5O+ 5O
22
pp
6H6H
22
O + 4NOO + 4NO

Consider : 4NH
3
+ 5O
2
p
6H
2
O + 4NO

How many moles of H
2
O are produced if 0.176 mol of O
2
are used?

How many moles of NO are produced in thereaction if 17 mol of H
2
O are also produced?6 mol H
2
O5 mol O
2
x
Stoichiometry questions (1)
# mol H
2
O=0.176 mol O
2
0.2112molH
2
O=4 mol NO6 mol H
2
Ox# mol NO=17 mol H
2
O11.33mol NO=Notice that a correctly balanced equation isessential to get the right answer