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Stoichiometry

Stoichiometry

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Published by Lorain
All about stoichiometry
All about stoichiometry

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Lorain on May 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/04/2012

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Stoichiometry
 
StoichiometryStoichiometry
‡
Recall that many conversion factors exist:4 mol NH
3
/5 mol O
2
, 6 mol H
2
O/4 mol NH
3
, etc
‡
In words, this tells us that for every 4 moles of NH
3
, 5 moles of O
2
are required, etc.
‡
³Stoichiometry´ refers to the relative quantitiesof moles. It also refers to calculations thatmake use of mole ratios.
‡
Recall also that molar masses provide factors:
‡
1 mol NH
3
/ 17 g NH
3
, 32 g O
2
/ 1 mol O
2
‡
Is 4 g NH
3
/ 5 g O
2
a conversion factor?
‡
No. The equation tells us moles not grams.
‡
Notice that stoichiometry requires precision
‡‡
Consider: 4NHConsider: 4NH
33
+ 5O+ 5O
22
pp
6H6H
22
O + 4NOO + 4NO
 
Consider : 4NH
3
+ 5O
2
p
6H
2
O + 4NO
‡
How many moles of H
2
O are produced if 0.176 mol of O
2
are used?
‡
How many moles of NO are produced in thereaction if 17 mol of H
2
O are also produced?6 mol H
2
O5 mol O
2
x
Stoichiometry questions (1)
# mol H
2
O=0.176 mol O
2
0.2112molH
2
O=4 mol NO6 mol H
2
Ox# mol NO=17 mol H
2
O11.33mol NO=Notice that a correctly balanced equation isessential to get the right answer 

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