Women's dominance has schools courting males
By Laura FasbachKnight Ridder NewspapersWhen Nicole Egnatowiczmoved into her coed dorm atRamapo
four years ago,it didn't take her long to noticethere was something lacking:namely, men.The scenario
similar in theclassroom."If there were two guys inmy class that was a
saidthe 22-year-old, who graduatedin December with a degree inpsychology.Of Ramapo's
students,nearly 60 percent are women.But the Mahwah, N.J., campusis hardly unique.At colleges across the country,the gender imbalance has beengrowing steadily for decadesas
continue to outpacemen in the pursuit of highereducation.Teenage girls typically have bet-ter grades than their male coun-terparts, but college admissionsofficers say they can't stand idly
and watch the schools becomemostly female bastions. And so,colleges are taking steps to re-verse the trend reaching out tohigh school boys through directmarketing and phone calls fromrecruiters and male professors.Some universities are goingeven further. A few years ago,Wake Forest University in NorthCarolina began admitting moremen to correct the gender im-balance, even though fewermales had applied. Among stateuniversities, the University ofDelaware says it sometimes low-ers
expectations for promisingboys who faltered in the ninth
At Ramapo College in Mahwah, New Jersey, male students are
distinct minority. The schoolis not unusual: The gender gap is a growing concern.
and 10th grades. And in a yet-to-be-released study, liberal artscolleges acknowledge admittingless-qualified boys to balanceenrollmentIt
always this way.Consider that in 1951, 66percent of the nation's collegestudents were men. A half-cen-tury later, women made up 56percent of the country's totalcollege enrollment, according tothe most recent figures from theNational Center for EducationStatistics.
does that mean yourson could have an edge in thecollege application process, orthat your daughter may be at adisadvantage?
No. Maybe."In some cases
ifyou are a male, you have a betterchance," said Peggy Brennan,
ordinator of guidance at
High School, adding thatthe advantage would be greatestfor
where the gender gapis the most dramatic.College admissions officerssaid they are nervously watchingthe trend."There's a danger that a schoolfaces once you go over 60 per-cent female or male," said PeterGoetz, a
provost at Ramapo.
want diversity, anddiversity starts with
Some schools have worked toattract male students by addingprograms that are typically ofinterest to them, such as busi-ness. Others, including RamapoCollege, have thought aboutcreating a football team to boostthe male population.In fact, at Penn State Univer-sity, which boasts an
percent of studentsare men. With all due respect tocoach Joe Paterno, one schoolofficial said men outnumberwomen because of the popularityof the school's engineering andscience programs."As women move into thosefields, the gap
narrowing,"saidJohn Romano, vice provost and
of enrollment management,adding that the Nittany Lionshave as many rabid female fansas male fans.At the University of Delaware,where women constitute 58 per-cent of the student body, admin-istrators
they haven't loweredstandards for male applicants
but they may be morelenient with high school boys."We see ups and downs in theiracademic records," said LouisHirsh, director of admissionsfor the University of Delaware."We try to be more forgiving oftheir transcripts
ninth and 10thgrades, when males are morelikely to have problems."Having said that, the admis-sions director cautioned that par-ents with sons should not bankon receiving an acceptance letterif the student's overall
not up to par.
gender gap is going to overridea weak application, lukewarmgrades or a poorly written essay,"
if the gender gapcontinues to widen, some say itwon't be long before collegesstart to
male applicants spe-cial consideration.Sandy Baum, a professor ofeconomics at Skidmore Col-lege in Saratoga Springs, N.Y,recently co-authored a studyof admissions practices as theyrelate to gender at 13 liberal artsschools across the country.Baum said the study foundthat schools that were onceall-women and have gone coedwere more likely to favor maleapplicants. As the percentage ofwomen at colleges continues torise, Baum said, other schoolsmight follow suit"They are obviously lookingto balance enrollment in manyways," Baum said.Not all colleges have morewomen. In fact, most of the IvyLeague schools still enroll moremen. At Princeton University,for example, men make up 55percent of the student body.Schools that
en-gineering and the sciences stilltend to have significantly more Ychromosomes, too. At the NewJersey Institute of Technologyin Newark, a mere 23 percentof students are women. At Ste-vens Institute of Technology inHoboken, NJ., 26 percent arewomen.But Tom Mortenson, a
scholar at The Pell Institute forthe Study of Opportunity inHigher Education, said he isalarmed that men are slippingso far behind women in collegeenrollmentAs part of his research titled
Wrong with the Guys?"Mortenson found that between1975 and
the number ofbachelor's degrees earned bymen increased by 5 percent Inthe same period, the numberof bachelor's degrees earned bywomen increased by
percentHe contends that the declinecould have greater
for society, from affecting theworkforce to creating a
of eligible men whom college-educated women would want todate or marry.Mortenson said the solution isnot easing admissions standards,but rather trying to motivateboys in the classroom as early askindergarten."The boys are starting to giveup in the
grades,"Mortenson said. "We're goingto have to engage boys on theirterms. Hopefully we can do thiswithout displacing girls."
By Maria Jo FisherKnight Ridder NewspapersAfter five scandals in 10 years,University of California officialsare creating a new "inventorycontrol system" to keep track ofcadavers donated to their medi-
schools thatincludes video cameras, barcodesand computers.The new system is designed tokeep bodies and body parts frombeing stolen, in the
of theftscandals at three of the universi-
medical schools that havebody-donation programs.
know people are going tobe fearful, if they think that thebody they donatewill be in anyway misap-p rop ri-ated,"
servicesfor UC's Of-fice of the Presi-dent"We are very com-mitted to protectingthe dignity of our do-nors."In March, UC PresidentRobert Dynes asked former Gov.George Deukmejian to head atask force that would help de-velop
guidelines tooperate willed body programsat its Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles,San Diego and San Franciscocampuses.The request came a few daysafter the director of UCLA'sprogram
charged with felonygrand theft stemming from thealleged sale of body parts.In another case, relatives ofpeople who donated bodies toUC Irvine are suing the system,after the campus fired its pro-gram director in 1999 and wasunable to account for more than300 bodies. TTaylor said the new account-ability procedures will include asystemwide program director, tooversee all UC programs, closersupervision on each campus aswell as "inventory managementdevices to help us keep bettertrack of what we have." Newlydeveloped software
monitorhow many cadavers are in stor-
and where. Bar-code devices
be attached to the nearly
cadavers the universitysystem receives each
one has done any of thisstuff before," Taylor said. "Itwill be a totally new, energeticapproach to willed body man-agement."
respond to requests for com-ment
June Donovan, who sued UCIafter it
unable to tell her whathappened to her mother's body,said she thinks the new
control could work."But the problem is, who willultimately monitor
she said."The regents have failed timeafter time"Joe Melican, whose father'sbody is among those missingfrom UCI, said he was skepticalabout new security procedures."How does a bar code onsomebody's back keep the armsand legs from being sold?" heasked. "To
this is an admis-sion of wrongdoing;, which is astep in the right direction. TheUC system hasn't admitted theydid anything wrong to me."
Students learn about working for yourself
By Bonnie CookKnight Ridder NewspapersA Christmas card taught ScottSimons that the corporate worldwasn't for him.At 16, Simons received thecard from his employer, WaldenBooks addressed to
employeenumber instead of his name.The gesture's impersonal natureinspired Simons to become anentrepreneur.Now a small-business man inEast Norriton, Simons is tryingto help young people interestedin a similar pathway, through aseries of free seminars.The first daylong seminar, held
at Simons* Business Re-source Place in East Norriton,Pa,, attracted only two students.But Simons, 45, plans to tryagain in late February. At theseminars, Simons and three otherspeakers offered hints on how toacquire the skills to create andcarry out a business plan."Networking is huge," AlanZarkoski, owner-operator of a
Simons' of-fice, told the students, Patrick
and Nicole Conley,both 17.
Simons told the teens to be-ware of instant messaging. Whilethat works for personal chitchat,it's too informal to work in thebusiness world, he said.He counseled the students to
take an English course and be-come skilled at critical thinking.Simons, owner or a printingfacility for
businesses, sug-gested using youth and inexperi-ence as a lever to gain access tobusiness leaders and seek theiradvice.
be afraid to go up tosomeone and
I have amoment of your
I'm think-ing of starting
small business,"'he said.Wolenter, a high school seniorwho would like to get into themusic business, grasped theprinciple immediately.
If you don't
the answerwill always be
he said.As students enter college,Simons said,
important tohave a plan for three years aftergraduation, so they can pickcourses that relate to their careergoals.Simons said the pressures
you loveyour work.It's also important to remainconfident in your ability to suc-ceed, Simons said. "In
lot of naysayers,and it sometimes comes fromthose who love you," he said.Conley, a high
junior,said the seminar helped her real-ize "the hard
not just thesugarcoated" aspects of startinga small business.
lot of thinking to
MSG aiding in tsunami relief
to the recent tsunamidisaster, Mercyhurst StudentGovernment began a philan-thropy line that will match anydonations up to 500 dollars.
the studentson campus to see how much wecan help," said MSG PresidentMike Mancinelli.
were sent out to indi-vidual clubs and their presidents,which details how to use the phi-lanthropy line for funding. MSGalso sent student representativesto gather additional monies lastweek from individual apartmentson campus. 1One freshman representative,Marion Allen, whose goal was tocollect one dollar or more
think it is good that the studentgovernment has the means ofdoing
the constituents aredone collecting donations, the
line isongoing,andweekly donations
voted uponat MSG meetings every Mondayevening."It's a horrible instance," saidMancinelli,
as long as wecan do something on our part tohelp, we will."
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