absorption of water from the small bowel contents and broken down of certain materials in the feces into substances of which some of them to be reabsorbed and reused by the body. Bowel cancer is relatively very commonand slowly growing and progress cancer and in predictable way.Bowel cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer in developedcountries, including U>S and Canada.
Types of bowel cancer1. Adenocarcinomas
Most bowel cancers are adenocarcinomas, originated in epithelium tissues,including the surface layer of skin, glands and their tissues that line thecavities and organs of the body.
2. Squamous cell cancers
Squamous cells are the skin like cells that make up the bowel lining together with the gland cells. Squamous cell cancers are rare with the risk of 25 per 100000.
Other bowel tumours
3. CarcinoidCarcinoid is an unusual type of slow growth neuroendocrine tumor. It looks benign but might spread to other parts of the body as they grow in hormone producing tissue in the digestive system.
Leiomyosarcomas are the rare and resistant types of bowel cancer andgenerally not very responsive to chemotherapy or radiation. They aremalignant abnormal mass of tissue of smooth muscles of colon, comprising between 5–10% of soft tissue sarcomas.
Bowel lymphomas are rare and more likely to start in the rectum rather inthe colon. Many patients with lymphomas are diagnosed in the late stage andalready spread to other organs.
Melanomas are rare malignant tumor of cells that produce the dark pigment.This type of bowel cancer usually originates from somewhere else and thenspread to the bowel.