ORGANISATION & MANAGEMENT FUNDAMENTALS
HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
4.1. MEANING OF HUMAN RESOURCES
Human resources represent the people at work. In other words, human resources are the sum-total of the inherent abilities, acquired knowledge, skills and aptitudes of employees. Humanresources have different needs, attitudes, values and they behave differently. At the same time,human resources are dynamic and have greatest potential to develop and grow. Performanceof an organisation is directly related to the quality of its human resources. Therefore, humanresources are to be utilised fully in order to achieve organisational goals.
4.1.1. Meaning of human resource management
Human resource management is concerned with managing human resources. It focusses onthe effective use of human resources in an organisation. It is concerned with the developmentof a highly motivated and smoothly functioning work force. It acquires, develops, utilises andmaintains human resources in the achievement of organisational goals. -Non-human resources (e.g., materials, machines, money, etc.) remain idle without the properuse of human resources. Human resource management is essential to activate non-humanresources and in utilising the workforce to achieve organisational goals efficiently. Humanresource management is essential, as most of the problems in an organisational set up arehuman-based rather’than technical (or economical). Employees in an organisation show different behavioural patterns, needs, drives, goals and experiences. Human resource management triesto understand properly the psychology and the different needs of the personnel of anorganisation. It establishes a suitable organisational structure for maintaining a desirableworking relationship among all the members of an organisation.
Definitions given by eminent management experts :
Human resource management plans, organises, directs and controls the functions of procuring, developing, maintaining and utilising the workforce of an organisation.”[Michael J. Jucius]
Human resource management is the process of developing, applying and evaluatingthe policies, procedures, methods and programs relating to the personnel in theorganisation.” [Dale Yoder]
Human resource management is that part of the management process which is primarilyconcerned with the human constituents of an organisation.”[RF.L.Breach]
Human resource management is the planning, organising, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, maintenance and separation of humanresources for achieving desired organisational goals.”[Edwin B. Flippo]
“Human resource management is concerned with the development of potentialities of