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Human resource management

Human resource management

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Published by Deepak Ehn

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Published by: Deepak Ehn on May 28, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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This Study Note includes
Study Note - 4
Meaning of Human Resources
Meaning of Human Resource ManagementObjectives (or Role) of Human Resource ManagementImportance (or neccesity) of Human Resource ManagementFunctions of Human Resource Management
Recruitment and Selection of Workers
Meaning of RecruitmentSources of RecruitmentMethods of RecruitmentMeaning of SelectionProcedure for SelectionRecruitment Practice in IndiaConcept of DismissalGrounds of DismissalProcedure for DismissalRetirementLay off Redundancy
Taylor and Scientific Management
Principles of Scientific ManagementContributions of Henry Fayol
Managerial Qualities
General Principles of Management
Human Relations School
Behavioural ApproachSystems ApproachContingency Approach
Principles of TrainingBenefits of TrainingMethods of TrainingInduction or Orientation Training
Concepts of Training, Education and Development
Training and EducationTraining and DevelopmentRole of Training and DevelopmentMethods of Remunerating labour
Questions for Review and Discussion
Human resources represent the people at work. In other words, human resources are the sum-total of the inherent abilities, acquired knowledge, skills and aptitudes of employees. Humanresources have different needs, attitudes, values and they behave differently. At the same time,human resources are dynamic and have greatest potential to develop and grow. Performanceof an organisation is directly related to the quality of its human resources. Therefore, humanresources are to be utilised fully in order to achieve organisational goals.
4.1.1. Meaning of human resource management
Human resource management is concerned with managing human resources. It focusses onthe effective use of human resources in an organisation. It is concerned with the developmentof a highly motivated and smoothly functioning work force. It acquires, develops, utilises andmaintains human resources in the achievement of organisational goals. -Non-human resources (e.g., materials, machines, money, etc.) remain idle without the properuse of human resources. Human resource management is essential to activate non-humanresources and in utilising the workforce to achieve organisational goals efficiently. Humanresource management is essential, as most of the problems in an organisational set up arehuman-based rather’than technical (or economical). Employees in an organisation show different behavioural patterns, needs, drives, goals and experiences. Human resource management triesto understand properly the psychology and the different needs of the personnel of anorganisation. It establishes a suitable organisational structure for maintaining a desirableworking relationship among all the members of an organisation.
Definitions given by eminent management experts :
Human resource management plans, organises, directs and controls the functions of procuring, developing, maintaining and utilising the workforce of an organisation.”[Michael J. Jucius]
Human resource management is the process of developing, applying and evaluatingthe policies, procedures, methods and programs relating to the personnel in theorganisation.” [Dale Yoder]
Human resource management is that part of the management process which is primarilyconcerned with the human constituents of an organisation.”[RF.L.Breach]
Human resource management is the planning, organising, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, maintenance and separation of humanresources for achieving desired organisational goals.”[Edwin B. Flippo]
“Human resource management is concerned with the development of potentialities of 
employees so that they get maximum satisfaction from their work and give their bestefforts to the organisation.”[Pigors and Myers]Thus, human resource management deals with the management of the entire gamut of humanresources in an organisation. It attracts and selects capable men, organises them in productivegroups, develops their potentials, gives them necessary motivation, boosts and maintains theirhigh morale.
4.1.2. Objectives (or Role) of human resource management
Human resource management aims to integrate employees’ interest as well as management’sinterest through justice to employees and improving productivity. Integration of employees’interest and management’s interest is done for ensuring the satisfactory accomplishment of organisational objectives. The main objective of the human resource department is to ensureoptimum utilisation of human resources by providing maximum satisfaction to employees. Ingeneral, the objectives of human resource management can be enumerated as follows :(i)
Maximum individual development: Efficient employees can make quality products.Human resource management provides opportunities for advancement of employees throughtraining and job education. It encourages every employee to realise his full potential. Eachemployee enjoys job satisfaction through job enrichment and job enlargement.(ii) Healthy industrial relation: Relations between the employer and employees and amongthe employees themselves should be very cordial for ensuring team spirit, co-operation and co-ordination. Healthy industrial relations leads to industrial peace and industrial democracy. Itmaintains harmonious relations between management and the workers by solving theirproblems through the process of collective bargaining.(iii)
Optimum utilisation of human resources: An efficient management should emphasizethe effective and efficient utilisation of available human resources so that maximum productionis possible at the minimum cost. It makes rational use of qualities, knowledge and potentialitiesof the existing work force. It utilises employees’ efforts, talents and skills effectively by creatingthe proper atmosphere for work. (iv) Integration of individual and organisational goals : Thediversity in individual goals and organisational goals should be reconciled. Human resourcemanagement aims to secure integration of individual and group goals with organisationalgoals. Thus, employees feel a sense of involvement, commitment and loyalty towards theorganisation.(v) Desirable working relationships : Human resource management aims to establish andmaintain productive, satisfying and self-respecting working relationships among members of the organisation. It divides the organisational tasks into functions, positions and jobs to achievethese objectives. It defines the responsibility and authority for each job and its relation withother jobs.

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