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Electromagnetic levitation system

Electromagnetic levitation system

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Published by Seventhneo

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Published by: Seventhneo on May 29, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Electromagnetic Levitation System
1. Description
 The electromagnetic levitation system controls the magnetic field generated by an electromagnetto levitate a small magnet in midair. The small magnet levitates in the air indefinitely without anydisturbance. The vertical position of the levitating magnet is measured using a linear Hall effect sensorand the current in the electromagnet is controlled using a digital signal controller. The system has threepush buttons to adjust the vertical position of the levitating magnet and to apply a sinusoidal, square orsawtooth reference signal. Both the amplitude and frequency of the reference signal can be adjustedusing the push buttons.
2. Circuit Schematic
The circuit diagram of the system is as shown in Figure 1.Figure 1. Circuit diagram of the system.
3. Operating Conditions
Supply voltage range: 7.5 V DC to 12.0 V DC
Ambient temperature: 10 °C to 60 °C (50 °F to 140 °F)
 4. Operating Instructions
Connect a standard 9 V battery or 7.5 V DC power adaptor to the system. The LED should lightup when power is applied. Hold the small magnet about 2 cm (3/4'') away from the electromagnetwhile the power is on. If the orientation of the magnet is correct, the magnet will levitate in the air. If the orientation of the magnet is not correct, it will try to turn around.
2The system has three push buttons labeled as A, B and C to operate it in four distinct modes.These modes are shown in Figure 2 as circles. They are called “constant”, “sinusoidal”, “square” and“sawtooth”. Transition from one mode to another is enabled by Button A. In “constant” mode, thesmall magnet levitates in the air without any disturbance. The vertical position of the magnet can becontrolled within a range by pressing Button B (up) and Button C (down). In “sinusoidal”, square” or“sawtooth” mode, the small magnet moves up and down within a range in accordance with asinusoidal, square or sawtooth reference signal. The amplitude and frequency of the reference signalcan be adjusted using Button B (amplitude) and Button C (frequency). The system initializes itself in“constant” mode after each power up.
amp amplitudedec decreasedis distancefrq frequencyinc increasemax maximummid mid pointmin minimumFigure 2. Flow chart for the operation of the system.
5. Kit Assembly
The electromagnetic levitation kit requires both electrical and mechanical assembly. Assemblyinstructions are detailed below.
5.1. Items Required (not included)
9 V battery 7.5 V power adapter Screw driver Diagonal cutterNeedle-nose pliers Soldering iron Solder wire Super glue
5.2 Parts Included
1 x dsPIC30F2011 controllerU11 x A1321 Hall effect sensorU31 x 7805A 5 V regulatorU21 x NTD4858N MOSFETQ11 x 1N5817 Schottky diodeD11 x LEDD21 x 1 k 
resistorR21 x 10 k 
resistorR12 x 100 nF capacitorC1, C21 x 1 µF capacitorC41 x 1000 µF capacitorC31 x 15 mH inductor (coil)L13 x tactile switchA, B, C1 x 9 V battery snapB11 x magnet (either)M11 x 7'' 2-conductor cableK11 x 6'' 3-conductor cableK21 x 2'' x 2'' PCBP11 x aluminum baseA11 x aluminum pieceA24 x nylon spacerH1, H2, H3, H41 x self-adhesive rubberF16 x 4-40 screwS1, S2, S3, S4, S5, S61 x 8-32 screw with nutS7, N1

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