3Dkt. 49 (“Biagi Reply”)]. Defendants’ motions are before theCourt.
II. Standard of Review
Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 12(b)(3)(B) permitsa defendant to move for dismissal pre-trial (or at any timewhile the case is pending) if an indictment fails to state anoffense. “[A]n indictment need merely contain a ‘plain,concise, and definite written statement of the essential factsconstituting the offense charged.’”
United States v. Rendelman
,--- F.3d ----, No. 08–4486, 2011 WL 1335781, at *5 (4th Cir.Apr. 8, 2011) (quoting Fed. R. Crim. P. 7(c)(1)).An indictment is legally sufficient if (i) it containsthe elements of the offense charged and informs the defendant ofthe charges he must meet, and (ii) it identifies the offenseconduct with sufficient specificity to allow the defendant toplead double jeopardy should there be a later prosecution basedon the same facts.
United States v. Jefferson
, 562 F. Supp. 2d687, 690 (E.D. Va. 2008) (citing
Russell v. United States
, 369U.S. 749, 763-64 (1962)). The first prong of this standardtests the “legal sufficiency” of a charged offense, “namelywhether the facts alleged satisfy each of the requisitestatutory elements of a[n] . . . offense.”
, 562 F.Supp. 2d at 690.
Case 1:11-cr-00085-JCC Document 60 Filed 05/26/11 Page 3 of 52