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Chapter 3-Lay of the Land-Survey

Chapter 3-Lay of the Land-Survey

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Published by: loginname400 on May 30, 2011
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Chapter 3
Lay o the Land: Survey
All civil-engineering projects start with a survey. Base maps provide engineers with data, whichnormally contain existing conditions. These maps can be used to develop an engineering-designmodel. Civil 3D 2011 provides an integrated solution that surveyors can use to create base mapsthat will reside in the same native ormat the engineers will use, thereby reducing potential (andcostly) errors that result rom translating data rom one design sotware to another. In this chap-ter, you’ll learn about tools and techniques that will link your survey equipment directly into thesotware, automate your drating procedures rom eldwork, and provide a secure and indepen-dent database or storing and manipulating your survey data.In this chapter, you’ll learn to:Properly collect eld data and import it into AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011
Set up styles that will correctly display your linework
Create and edit eld book les
Manipulate your survey data
Understanding the Concepts
Beore you start working with the survey portion o Civil 3D, you rst need to understandsome basic concepts. When the majority o people think about surveying in any sotware, theygenerally think about going out into the eld with a survey instrument and some orm o datacollector and returning to the oce with a group o points—text entities with unique identiers,northings, eastings, elevations, and some sort o descriptors. That point le, whether it be in ASCIIormat, text ormat, CSV ormat, or otherwise, is imported into a survey program that displaysthose points in some way, allowing technical sta to essentially play a game o “connect the dots”to create a base plan. However, with the survey crew and the oce sta working together, much othe “connect-the-dots” game can be played in the eld. For example, in Figure 3.1, parking stripes,curb and gutter, asphalt, and concrete eatures have been connected correctly in the eld with g-ures. This is important because it has the potential to reduce liability—always an important topic oconversation with surveyors. Because the eld crew is on site and have actually witnessed existingconditions, they are in a better position to create the linework than a drater who may have neverseen the site.
Chapter 3
lay of the land: survey
Aside rom having to get the survey eld crew and the oce sta working in harmony, thereare a ew other things you need to know. The rst thing to know is that the survey unctionalityin Civil 3D doesn’t need to use the old Point, Northing, Easting, Zed (elevation), and Description(PNEZD) text le. It can use the raw data rom your data collector to process an Autodesk eld book (FBK) le, or a LandXML le. I you use an FBK le or your surveys, you have much morethan just points on a screen—you actually have a record o how those points were collected. Youwill have the inormation you need to edit this le i needed. Instead o calculating new coor-dinates or a bad point, you will actually be able to navigate to the setup rom which that pointwas collected and edit the rod height, instrument height, vertical angle, horizontal angle, or anyother inormation that can be input directly into a data collector. This inormation is imported,stored, and manipulated in the survey database. The survey database is a Microsot SQL ServerCompact database le with all the inormation required to create the survey network.Because this survey database le is located external to the drawing, it can be used simultane-ously in multiple drawings, even i those drawings have dierent coordinate systems. The coor-dinate system inormation is set in the survey database settings and will automatically translateto any coordinate system set up in the drawing settings. This external database requires you totreat the survey database a bit dierently than you would other aspects o Civil 3D. For example,many settings will reside in the survey database settings and not in the drawing template as iscommon or other Civil 3D settings. Other settings will reside in the Survey User Settings dialog,as shown in Figure 3.2.
I’v Cd  Dbs fo pcic, Now how Do I Dl I?
One small issue with the external database is that there is no way to delete it rom within theprogram. This database is stored in
by deault (or your working older i  you’re using Vault). The database is stored in a subolder inside that working older that has thesame name as the database. To delete a database, you will be required to use Windows Explorer todelete the older. Rereshing the database listing on the Survey tab will update the view and removethe deleted database.
Figu 3.1
 A portion o anas-built survey cre-ated with Civil 3D
understandInG the ConCepts
The settings in this dialog control many o the deault choices or creating survey objects, muchas Command settings do on the Settings tab o Civil 3D. You’ll look at some in this exercise:
Create a new drawing by selecting the Application Menu
New and picking the
template le.
On the Survey tab in Toolspace, click the Edit Survey Settings icon in the upper-let corner,as shown in Figure 3.3. I the Survey tab is not available, change to the Home tab and clickthe Survey Toolspace button on the Palettes panel.
Figu 3.2
 The Survey UserSettings dialog
Figu 3.3
 The Edit SurveySettings button inthe upper let o the Survey tab inToolspace

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