Lay o the Land: Survey
All civil-engineering projects start with a survey. Base maps provide engineers with data, whichnormally contain existing conditions. These maps can be used to develop an engineering-designmodel. Civil 3D 2011 provides an integrated solution that surveyors can use to create base mapsthat will reside in the same native ormat the engineers will use, thereby reducing potential (andcostly) errors that result rom translating data rom one design sotware to another. In this chap-ter, you’ll learn about tools and techniques that will link your survey equipment directly into thesotware, automate your drating procedures rom eldwork, and provide a secure and indepen-dent database or storing and manipulating your survey data.In this chapter, you’ll learn to:Properly collect eld data and import it into AutoCAD Civil 3D 2011
Set up styles that will correctly display your linework
Create and edit eld book les
Manipulate your survey data
Understanding the Concepts
Beore you start working with the survey portion o Civil 3D, you rst need to understandsome basic concepts. When the majority o people think about surveying in any sotware, theygenerally think about going out into the eld with a survey instrument and some orm o datacollector and returning to the oce with a group o points—text entities with unique identiers,northings, eastings, elevations, and some sort o descriptors. That point le, whether it be in ASCIIormat, text ormat, CSV ormat, or otherwise, is imported into a survey program that displaysthose points in some way, allowing technical sta to essentially play a game o “connect the dots”to create a base plan. However, with the survey crew and the oce sta working together, much othe “connect-the-dots” game can be played in the eld. For example, in Figure 3.1, parking stripes,curb and gutter, asphalt, and concrete eatures have been connected correctly in the eld with g-ures. This is important because it has the potential to reduce liability—always an important topic oconversation with surveyors. Because the eld crew is on site and have actually witnessed existingconditions, they are in a better position to create the linework than a drater who may have neverseen the site.