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Chapter 2-Back to Basics-Lines and Curves

# Chapter 2-Back to Basics-Lines and Curves

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10/16/2012

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Chapter 2
Back to Bascs: Lnes and Curves
Engineers and surveyors are constantly creating lines and curves. Whether the task at handinvolves re-creating and checking existing geometry rom deeds or record plats, or designing anew land plan, it’s important to have tools to assist in the accurate creation o this linework.The lines and curves tools in Civil 3D, along with the complementary tools on theTransparent Commands and Inquiry toolbars, provide robust methods or creating and check-ing lines and curves. This linework can then be used as is, or as a oundation or creating soundparcels, alignments, and other Civil 3D object geometry.It’s important to note that creating Civil 3D objects such as parcels and alignments rom thisoundation geometry is necessary or robust reporting and labeling, such as legal descriptions,segment tables, and more detailed design and analysis.By the end o this chapter, you’ll learn to:Create a series o lines by bearing and distance
u
Use the Inquiry commands to conrm that lines are drawn correctly
u
Create a curve tangent to the end o a line
u
Create a best-t line or a series o Civil 3D points
u
Label lines and curves
u
Labelng Lnes and Curves
You can draw lines many ways in an AutoCAD-based environment. The tools ound on the Drawpanel o the Home tab create lines that are no more intelligent than those created by the standardAutoCAD Line command. How the Civil 3D lines dier rom those created by the regular Linecommand isn’t in the resulting entity, but in the process o creating them. In other words, in Civil3D you provide directions to these line commands in survey terminology rather than in genericCartesian parameters (see Figure 2.1).Note that you can switch between any o the line commands without exiting the command.For example, i your rst location is a point object, use Line by Point Object; then, without leavingthe command, go back to the Lines/Curves menu and choose any Line or Curve command to con-tinue creating your linework. You can also press the Esc key once, while in a Lines/Curves menucommand, to resume the regular Line command.

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Chapter 2
BaCk to BasICs: lInes and Curves
Coordnate Lne Commands
The next ew commands discussed in this section help you create a line using Civil 3D pointsand/or coordinate inputs. Each command requires you to speciy a Civil 3D point, a location inspace, or a typed coordinate input. These line tools are useul when your drawing includes Civil3D points that will serve as a oundation or linework, such as the edge o pavement shots, wet-lands lines, or any other points you’d like to connect with a line.
Figu 2.1
Line-creation tools

laBelInG lInes and Curves
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l
ine
c
ommand
The Create Line command on the Draw panel o the Home tab issues the standard AutoCADLine command. It’s equivalent to typing
line
on the command line or clicking the Line tool onthe Draw toolbar.
c
reate
l
ine

by
P
oint
# r
ange
c
ommand
The Create Line by Point # Range command prompts you or a point number. You can type in anindividual point number, press
, and then type in another point number. A line is drawn con-necting those two points. You can also type in a range o points, such as
640-644
. Civil 3D drawsa line that connects those lines in numerical order—rom 640 to 641, and so on (see Figure 2.2).This order won’t give you the desired linework or edge o asphalt, or example.
Figu 2.2
A line createdusing 640-644as input

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