Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
40Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
13.1 - Trends Across Period 3

13.1 - Trends Across Period 3

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 5,612|Likes:
Published by IB Screwed

More info:

Published by: IB Screwed on May 30, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/31/2014

pdf

text

original

 
 http://ibscrewed4chemistry.blogspot.com/ 
13.1 - Trends Across Period 3
13.1.1 - Explain the physical states (under standards conditions) and electrical conductivity(in the molten state) of the chlorides and oxides of the elements in period 3 in terms of their bonding and structure
Sodium Chloride
Physical State
 
 
Ionic Bonding
 
High melting and Boiling Point
 
Solid under standard conditions
 
Conduct electricity in liquid state
Electrical Conductivity 
 
 
Conducts electricity in liquid state
 
Electrolyte - decomposes intoconstituent elements
Sodium Oxide
Physical State
 
 
Ionic Bonding
 
High melting and Boiling Point
 
Solid under standard conditions
 
Conduct electricity in liquid state
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Conducts electricity in liquid state
 
Electrolyte - decomposes intoconstituent elements
Magnesium Chloride
Physical State
 
 
Ionic Bonding
 
High melting and Boiling Point
 
Solid under standard conditions
 
Conduct electricity in liquid state
Electrical Conductivity 
 
 
Conducts electricity in liquid state
 
Electrolyte - decomposes intoconstituent elements
Magnesium Oxide
Physical State
 
 
Ionic Bonding
 
High melting and Boiling Point
 
Solid under standard conditions
 
Conduct electricity in liquid state
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Conducts electricity in liquid state
 
Electrolyte - decomposes intoconstituent elements
 
 http://ibscrewed4chemistry.blogspot.com/ 
 Aluminium Chloride
Physical State
 
 
Ionic layer lattice
 
Sublimes at 178
o
C
 
Under reduced pressure will meltat 192.5
o
C
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Becomes a covalently bondedmolecule
 
Forms dimers
 
Will not melt under standardconditions
 
At reduced pressure, will melt,having high conductivity just beforethe melting point
 
Does not conduct electricity whenmolten because of covalentstructure
 Aluminium Oxide
Physical State
 
 
Very high melting point becauseionic
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Conducts electricity well
 
Can be electrolysed to producealuminium metal
Silicon Chloride
Physical State
 
 
Discrete Covalent Molecules
 
Weak Van der Waals forcesbetween molecules
 
Liquid under standard conditions
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Non-polar
 
Does not conduct electricity as aliquid
Silicon Dioxide
Physical State
 
 
Covalent network lattice
 
Single covalent bonds
 
High melting and boiling points
 
Solid under standard conditions
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Poor conductor of electricity as aliquid
 
Natural coating on surface is avaluable electrical insulator
 
 http://ibscrewed4chemistry.blogspot.com/ 
Phosphorous Chloride
Physical State
 
 
Covalent
 
PCl
5
is non-polar and has strongerVan der Waals forces, increasingmelting and boiling points
 
PCl
3
is slightly polar and liquidunder standard conditions
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Covalent
 
Do not conduct electricity
Phosphorous Oxide
Physical State
 
 
Weak Van der Waals forces
 
P
4
O
10
has stronger bonds because itis larger
 
Powdery
 
P
4
O
6
has weaker bonds because itis smaller
 
Waxy
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Covalently bonded
 
Do not conduct electricity in theliquid state
Sulfur Dichloride
Physical State
 
 
Liquid under standard conditions
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Does not conduct electricity
Sulfur Oxides
Physical State
 
 
SO
2
gas under standard conditions
 
SO
3
liquid under standardconditions
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Do not conduct electricity
Chlorine Gas
Physical State
 
 
Non-polar molecules
 
Very weak Van der Waals forces
 
Boiling point -34
o
C
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Does not conduct electricity
Chlorine Oxide
 
Physical State
 
 
Cl
2
O is easily ignited
 
Gas
 
Cl
2
O
7
is unstable liquid
 
Weak Van der Waals forces
 
Electrical Conductivity
 
 
Do not conduct electricity

Activity (40)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
carolinesheehey liked this
kopstandon liked this
Serena Chao liked this
Serena Chao liked this
Serena Chao liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->