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Guidelines for Mx of Dengue in Small Hospitals

Guidelines for Mx of Dengue in Small Hospitals

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Published by dubeypm

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Published by: dubeypm on May 30, 2011
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02/12/2013

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iii
 
Contents
Page
Foreword
..........................................................................................................................v
 Acknowledgement
.....................................................................................................vii
 1. Manifestation of Dengue Infection
..............................................................
12. Recognition of Dengue Fever/Dengue HaemorrhagicFever (DF/DHF)
....................................................................................................
23. Disease Course
.....................................................................................................
44. Grading the Severity of Dengue Infection
.................................................
55. Treatment of DF and DHF
..............................................................................
65.1 Febrile Phase
.................................................................................................
65.2 Afebrile Phase
...............................................................................................
76. Fluids Required for Intravenous Therapy...................................167. Important Instructions for Treatment of DHF
.......................................
198. What not to do
..................................................................................................
209. Signs of Recovery
..............................................................................................
2010. Criteria for Discharging Patients
.................................................................
2111. Reporting
..............................................................................................................
2112. References (for further information)
.........................................................
21
Annexes
1. Blood samples should be drawn from suspectedDF/DHF/DSS cases
..........................................................................................
222. Handout for Patients with Dengue Fever
...............................................
243. Information on Personal Protection against DengueFever and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever
.................................................
25
 
v
 
Foreword
In the past 15 years, we have witnessed a dramatic increase in the global incidence of dengue and its severe manifestations such as dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS).The epidemics in endemic countries are occurring more frequently with increasing magnitude. More than 2.5 billion people are at risk of infections in over 200 countries worldwide. There are probably tens of millions of cases of dengue each year, and at least five hundred thousand cases of DHF with a mortality of about five per cent in most countries. The vast majority of cases, nearly 95 per cent, are among children of less than 15 years of age. Clearly this infection, which is already the most widespread mosquito-borne disease in humans, is of major public health importance.The present guidelines on treatment of DF/DHF in small hospitals have been developed by WHO, in consultation with the leading experts in the field of clinical management of DHF. I am sure, these guidelines will be a proper tool for physicians working in small hospitals to conduct appropriate treatment of patients with DF/DHF,and would help in achieving our common target to reduce case fatalitrate of DHF to less than one per cent in all endemic countries.
Dr Uton Muchtar RafeiRegional Director

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