DRYING AND GRINDING OF COAL FOR FIRING INCEMENT KILNS
During the last two decades a large number of existing cement plantshave been converted from oil to coal firing, and new cement plantshave often been arrange for coal firing. The growing interest in coalfiring was caused by the increase in oil prices during the seventies.The coal grinding plants constructed since then have normally beendesigned with due consideration to the latest regulations regardingconstruction, lay-out and operation of coal handling facilities. Thecurrent safety regulations, as well as the introduction of modern fuelefficient kiln types, have had a great influence on the up to date designof coal grinding plants, which will be dealt with in the following.
2. DIFFERENT COAL TYPES, COMPOSITION AND ANALYSES
The volatile content of a coal normally depends on the age of the coal,where the oldest coal type “Anthracite” has a very low volatile content,and the youngest type “Lignite” a high volatile content.In fig.1is shown an example of coal types with typical contents of volatile, ash and hygroscopic moisture.In the later years “Petcoke” is taking over an increasing part of themarket due to an attractive price.In fig.2can be seen a description of petcoke. The petcoke used in thecement industry is normally of the type called “Green DelayedPetroleum Coke”.
Coal Drying and Grinding
Edited and linked by UTM