Appropriate water-lifting technologies in West Africa – Annex I
The scope and methods used to promote the importation of irrigation equipmentfrom India and China to West and Central Africa are discussed. The emphasis is on diesel- powered pumpsets for low-lift irrigation of the type practiced along Sahelian rivers or certainartiﬁcial lakes. Subjects include: (1) the import service market for irrigation pumps in WestAfrica; (2) characteristics of Asian equipment; (3) export prices, cost prices and selling prices;(4) supporting market-led importation initiatives; and (5) marketing principles. A framework for promoting the importation of irrigation equipment is outlined.
Les perspectives et les méthodes pour promouvoir l’importation de matérield’irrigation de l’Inde et de la Chine en Afrique Centrale et Occidentale sont examinées.L’accent est mis sur les motopompes à gas-oil pour le pompage à faible pression du type pratiqué le long des ﬂeuves Sahéliens ou certains lacs artiﬁciels. Les sujets incluent: (1) lemarché des services d’importation pour les pompes d’irrigation; (2) les caractéristiques dematériel asiatique; (3) les prix à l’exportation, prix d’achat et prix de vente; (4) le soutiendes initiatives d’importation commerciales; et (5) les principes de commercialisation. Desrecommandations pour favoriser l’importation de matériel d’irrigation sont fournies.
Small-scale irrigation development in West Africa is partly the result of a spontaneous process and partly the result of development efforts by governments, NGOs and internationalorganizations. The most successful small-scale irrigation farms are those that developed fromfarmers’ initiatives (De Lange, 1997). The rate of small-scale irrigation expansion is slow andirregular, considering the need, potential and effort. Much that had been developed was notsustainable, socially or economically. This represents a tremendous waste of personal effortand ﬁnancial resources. The reasons for non-sustainability are many, varied and complex. AnyWest-African irrigation farmer will conﬁrm that one reason is the high investment and runningcost of irrigation equipment, especially pumpsets.Considering that the cost of irrigation equipment is lower in Asia than anywhere else, thereis scope for stimulating the importation of this equipment to countries, where it is unavailableor if available the cost of its use is higher than necessary. There are two Asian countries withextremely large numbers of small-scale, locally managed irrigation systems: China withover six million systems and India with an estimated 400 000 systems (Mabry, 1993). Bomand Van Steenbergen (1997) estimate the number of diesel pumpsets in India at 6.5 million.Both countries have a buoyant domestic industry producing irrigation equipment at highlycompetitive prices. Other countries with competitive domestic industries are Brazil, Indonesia,Pakistan, Taiwan, Thailand and Turkey. However, a technology that has been proven in onecountry may still be viewed as ‘too risky’ in another. Thus, the technology transfer processmay require additional resources for management.In this presentation, the aim is to discuss the scope and methods of promoting the importationof irrigation equipment from India and China. The emphasis is on diesel-powered pumpsets for low-lift irrigation (FAO, 1996) of the type practiced along Sahelian rivers, such as the riversSenegal, Niger, Logone and Chari in Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon andChad or along the shores of artiﬁcial lakes, such as the Sourou Valley project in Burkina Faso(Jeune Afrique, 1998).