argues that either one of the goats could have made up the
, but that after the placing
of lots only the one goat would make up the sin offering.
There are two key problems with thisinterpretation of the goats. First of all, 16:5 clearly states that the two goats make up the sinoffering. Second, understanding the goats in this way destroys the Christological typology (inthat it separates what Christ’s sacrifice does) that is so clearly present in the text.
The two goats are necessary to represent exactly what is taking place in the ritual.
Asthe Easton Bible Dictionary states, “As the goat "for Jehovah" was to witness to the demerit of sin and the need of the blood of atonement, so the goat "for Azazel" was to witness to theefficacy of the sacrifice and the result of the shedding of blood in the taking away of sin.”
AsMohler further elaborates,
The second is necessary to make clear what the first one, which has been slain, can no longer represent, namely, the removal of the sin, and accordingly has quiteoften aptly been called the hircus redivivus.” If one says that only one of the goats truly makesup the sin offering, then it destroys the full meaning of the sin offering. Not only have theIsraelites sins been atoned for but also “as far as the east is from the west, so far does he removeour transgressions from us”
This rite on the Day of Atonement atoned for the sins of all the people of Israel, making them clean in before YHWH. Since they were now cleansed
See Kleinig on 16:8 (page 330), as to why is should be “placing” and not “casting” lots in this passage.
Rodriguez, Angel Manuel. "Leviticus 16: Its Literary Structure."
Andrews University Seminary Studies
34, no. 2(1996): 275. His footnote contains a list of those opposed to his view.
As Rodriguez points out the separating of the two goats comes at the center of the chiasm that makes up verses6-10. However this emphasis should be seen as pointing to the importance of the two goats in making up the onesin offering. They are part of one rite, not two.
Kiuchi argues that all the sacrifices are incomplete without this scapegoat carrying the sins away. Kiuchi,Nobuyoshi. "Living Like the Azazel-Goat in Romans 12:1B."
57, no. 2 (2002): 259.
Entry 374 “Azazel”, BibleWorks 2007.