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Table Of Contents

THE EVENT STRUCTURE METAPHORICAL SYSTEM
Special case 1:EVENT STRUCTURE (LOCATION CASE)
Special sub-case 1:States areLocations
Special sub-case 3:Causation is Control Over an Entity Relative toa
Location
Special case 2:EVENT STRUCTURE (OBJECT CASE)
Special sub-case 1:Properties arePossessions
Special sub-case 2:Change is Getting/Losing
Special sub-case 3:Causation is Control Over an Object Relative toa
EVENT STRUCTURE (LOCATION CASE)
STATES ARE LOCATIONS
CHANGE IS MOTION
CAUSATION IS CONTROL OVER AN ENTITY RELATIVE TOALOCA-
TION
SELF-INITIATED CHANGE OF STATEISSELF-PROPELLED MOTION
LONGTERM PURPOSEFUL CHANGE IS A JOURNEY
EVENT STRUCTURE (OBJECT CASE)
PROPERTIES ARE POSSESSIONS
CHANGE IS GETTING/LOSING
CAUSATION IS CONTROL OVER AN OBJECT RELATIVE TOAPOS-
ATTRIBUTES ARE ENTITIES
Special case 1:STATES ARE LOCATIONS
Special case 2:PROPERTIES ARE POSSESSIONS
Special case 1:Harm is Being in Harmful Location
Special case 2:Existence is a Location (Here)
Special case 3:Opportunities areOpen Paths
STATES ARE SHAPES
Special case 1:Harm is Having a Harmful Possession
Special case 2:Harm is Lacking a Desired Possesion
Special case 3:Existence is an Object
Special case 4:Opportunities areObjects
WELL-BEING IS WEALTH
PROPERTIES ARE CONTENTS
Special case 1:Abilities areEntities inside a Person
PROPERTIES ARE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Special case 1:IMPORTANCE IS A PHYSICAL PROPERTY
Special case 2:PERFECT IS REGULAR
Special case 3:AMOUNT IS A PHYSICAL PROPERTY
Special case 4:VALUE IS SIZE
CHANGE IS MOTION (Location)
CAUSAL PRECEDENCE IS TEMPORAL PRECEDENCE
Special case 1:CAUSED CHANGE OF STATEISCONTROL OVER AN
ENTITY RELATIVE TOALOCATION
Special case 2:CAUSED CHANGE OF ACTION IS CONTROL OVER AN
MEANS OF CHANGE IS PATHOVER WHICH MOTION OCCURS
Special case 1:Means of Change of State is Path
Special case 2:Means of Change of Action is Path
NECESSARYPREREQUISITE FOR CHANGE IS SOURCE OF MOVING
ENTITY
Special case 1:Necessary Prerequisite for Change of State is Source
Special case 2:Necessary Prerequisite for Change of Action is Source
SESSOR
Special case 1:Causation is Motion of a Commerial Object Relative toan
Affected Party
CAUSATION IS COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION
ACTION IS MOTION
ACTION IS CONTROL OVER POSSESSIONS
ACTING COMPULSIVELYISINGESTING A SUBSTANCE COMPUL-
SIVELY
ACTIVE IS ALIVE
ACTION IS SELF-PROPELLED MOTION
Special sub-case 1:Careful Action is Careful Motion
Special sub-case 2:Speed of Action is Speed of Motion
Special case 1:Purposeful Action is Directed Motion to a Destination
Special sub-case 1:Caused Inability to Act is Suspension
Special case 1:Knowing What will Happen Is Seeing WhereYou areGoing
Special case 2:DESIRES THATCONTROL ACTION ARE EXTERNAL
FORCES THATCONTROL MOTION
Special case 3:OBLIGATIONS/AGREEMENTS ARE CONTAINERS
LONGTERM PURPOSEFUL ACTIVITY IS A JOURNEY
Special case 1:Life is a Journey
Special case 2:Love isaJourney
Special case 3:Career is a Journey
Special sub-case 1:Career Progress is Vertical Movement
EXTERNAL EVENTS AFFECTING PROGRESS ARE FORCES AFFECT-
ING FORWARD MOTION
THE PROGRESS OF EXTERNAL EVENTS IS FORWARD MOTION
INTERACTION BETWEEN PROGRESS AND EXTERNAL EVENTS
AFFECTING PROGRESS IS INTERACTION BETWEEN TWOMOV-
ING INDIVIDUALS
Special case 1:Person and Vehicle
Special sub-case 1:Person and Boat
Special sub-case 2:Person and Horse
Special case 1:Person and Person
Special case 2:Body and Air
Special case 3:Body/Vehicle and Water
Special sub-case 1:Historical Events areWater Controlling Motion
KNOWLEDGE OF PAST EVENTS IS AN EXTERNAL EVENT EXERTING
FORCE ON PRESENT EVENTS
ACTING ON IS TRANSFERRING AN OBJECT
Special case 1:Acting on is Feeding
HARM IS PHYSICAL INJURY
Special case 1:Psychological harm is physical injury
Special case 2:Economic harm is physical injury
Special case 3:Environmental harm is physical injury
Special case 4:Political harm is physical injury
Special case 1:Harm is Physical Injury due to Wounding
Special case 2:Harm is Physical Injury due to Sickness
Special case 3:Harm is Physical Injury due to Neglect
Special case 4:Harm is Physical Injury due to Predation by Vicious Animals
HARM IS CAUSING FUNCTIONAL OBJECTS TOBENONFUNCTIONAL
Special case 1:HARM IS CAUSING OBJECT TOBENONFUNCTIONAL
BY DESTROYING IT
Special case 2:HARM IS CAUSING OBJECT TOBENONFUNCTIONAL
BY PREVENTING OPERATION
HARMING IS LOWERING
HARM IS BEING IN A HARMFUL LOCATION
HARM IS PREVENTING FORWARD MOTION TOWARD A GOAL
HARM IS HAVING A HARMFUL POSSESSION
HARM IS LACKING A NEEDED POSSESSION
HARM IS PREVENTING FORWARD MOTION TOWARD A GOAL
Special case 1:The Harm is an Obstable
Special case 2:The Harm is a Setback which returns you to prior location
Special case 3:The Harm is a Diversion which movesyou a different direc-
tion
Special case 4:The Harm is a Burden which slows down motion
Special case 5:Harming Yourself is Getting Lost/Turning Aside
(EVALUATIVE) COMPARISON OF STATES IN A DYNAMIC SITUATION
IS COMPARISON OF DISTANCE
EVALUATIVE COMPARISON OF A AND B IN A STATIC SITUATION IS
DETERMINED BY THE VERTICAL DISTANCE BETWEEN A AND B
Special case 1:Status is Position
Special case 2:Importance is Precedence
(NON-EVALUATIVE) COMPARISON BETWEEN A AND B IS DETER-
MINED BY THE DISTANCE BETWEEN A AND B
(NON-EVALUATIVE) COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES IS COMPARISON
OF POSSESSIONS
COMPARING AND SEEKING IS SHOPPING
COMPARISON OF PROPERTIES IS COMPARISON OF PHYSICAL
PROPERTIES
Special case 1:Comparison of Importance is Weighing
Special case 2:MoreisHigher
Special case 3:MoreisHeavier
Special case 4:MoreisBigger
DISPARITY IS CHANGE
LINEAR SCALES ARE PATHS
COMPETITION IS A RACE
COMPETITION IS COMPETITION FOR DESIRED OBJECTS
COMPETITION IS 1 ON 1 PHYSICAL AGGRESSION
COMPETITION IS WAR
CONTROL IS UP
FAILURE IS DEATH/ SUCCESS IS LIFE
OPPORTUNITIES ARE OBJECTS
OPPORTUNITIES ARE OPEN PATHS
EXISTENCE IS A LOCATION (HERE)
Special case 1:EXISTENCE IS LOCATION UP HERE
Special case 2:EXISTENCE IS LOCATION OUT OF CONTAINER
EXISTENCE IS AN OBJECT
EXISTENCE IS LIFE
EXISTENCE IS VISIBILITY
EXISTENCE IS HAVING A FORM
CREATING IS MOVING TOALOCATION (Here)
CREATING IS GIVING AN OBJECT
CREATING IS MAKING VISIBLE
CREATING IS BIRTHING
CREATION IS CULTIVATION
CREATING IS MAKING
EXTERNAL CONDITIONS ARE CLIMATE
DIFFICULTIES ARE CONTAINERS
DIFFICULTY IS DIFFICULTY IS MOVING
TIME IS SOMETHING MOVING TOWARD YOU
Special case 1:Time is Something Moving (No Reference Point)
Special case 2:Foreseeable FutureEvents areUp
TIME IS A LANDSCAPE WE MOVE THROUGH
TIME IS MONEY
TIME IS A RESOURCE
(BOUNDED) TIME IS A CONTAINER
TIME IS A PURSUER
TIME IS A CHANGER
ASCHEDULE IS A MOVING OBJECT
THE MIND IS A BODY
Special sub-case 1:Mental Control is Hand Control
Special sub-case 2:Emotions Over Which WeHav eNo Control Are
Adversaries
DIFFICULTSUBJECTS ARE ADVERSARIES
IDEAS ARE FOOD
Special sub-case 1:Learning via Reading is Eating
IDEAS ARE PERCEPTIONS
IDEAS ARE LOCATIONS
Special sub-case 1:Reasoning is Following a Path
SUBJECTS ARE AREAS
IDEAS ARE OBJECTS
Special sub-case 1:LEARNING IS EATING
Special sub-case 2:LEARNING IS ABSORBING
Special sub-case 3:Communicating Opinion is Feeding
Special case 1:IDEAS ARE MOVING OBJECTS
Special case 2:IDEAS ARE CONSTRUCTED OBJECTS
Special sub-case 1:Beliefs areStructures
IDEAS ARE WRITING
IDEAS ARE CHILDREN (w.r.t development)
IDEAS ARE FASHIONS
IDEAS ARE LIGHT SOURCES
IDEAS ARE RESOURCES
BELIEFS ARE POSSESSIONS
Special case 1:BELIEFS ARE COMMODITIES
Special case 2:BELIEFS ARE CONSTRUCTED OBJECTS
Special case 3:BELIEFS ARE CLOTHES
BELIEFS ARE FASHIONS
BELIEFS ARE BEINGS WITH A LIFE CYCLE
Special case 1:BELIEFS ARE PLANTS
BELIEFS ARE LOVE OBJECTS
Special case 1:BELIEFS ARE LOVERS
Special case 2:BELIEFS ARE CHILDREN / PETS
BELIEFS ARE GUIDES
BELIEFS ARE LOCATIONS
DANGEROUS BELIEFS ARE CONTAGIOUS DISEASES
THEORIES ARE BEINGS WITH LIFE CYCLES
THEORIES ARE PEOPLE (w.r.t. family tree structure)
THEORIES ARE PEOPLE (w.r.t. opinions)
THEORIES ARE CONSTRUCTED OBJECTS
Special case 1:Theories areMachines
Special case 2:Theories areBuildings
THEORIES ARE COVERS FOR THE FACTS
THEORIES ARE CLOTH
FA CTS ARE POINTS (set up in spatial configuration)
THEORETICAL DEBATEISCOMPETITION
Special case 1:Theoretical Debate is a Race
Special case 2:Theoretical Debate is a Battle
Special case 3:Theories areLeaders of the Competing Believers
Special case 4:Theories areDefensible Positions
Special sub-case 1:Theories areFortifications
Special sub-case 1:Data Explained by a Theory is Governed by the
Theory
Special sub-case 2:Data Explained by a Theory is Coveredbythe
THE CONDUIT METAPHOR
COMMUNICATION IS LINGUISTIC COMMUNICATION
Special case 1:COMMUNICATION IS SPEECH
Special case 2:COMMUNICATION IS WRITING
WORDS ARE WEAPONS
LOGICAL RELATIONS ARE CAUSAL RELATIONS
Special case 1:LOGIC IS CAUSATION IS CONTROL OVER MOTION OF
AN AFFECTED PARTY
Special case 2:LOGIC IS CAUSATION IS CONTROL OVER MOTION OF
AN OBJECT RELATIVE TOAFFECTED PARTY
LOGIC IS GRAVITY
PERCEPTION IS RECEPTION
Special case 1:Perceiving is Eating
Special sub-case 1:Reading is Eating
PERCEPTION IS SHAPE RECOGNITION
SEEING IS TOUCHING, EYES ARE LIMBS
THE VISUAL FIELD IS A BOUNDED REGION
THE VISUAL FIELD IS A CONTAINER
PSYCHOLOGICAL FORCES ARE PHYSICAL FORCES
RATIONAL IS UP
CONDUCTING RESEARCH IS SOLVING A PUZZLE
RECEIVING SERIOUS THOUGHT IS BEING ON THE MIND
MENTAL ACCOUNTING
INTELLIGENCE/IDEA IS A CUTTING INSTRUMENT
INTELLIGENCE IS A LIGHT SOURCE
COHERENT IS WHOLE
COHERENT IS ALIGNED
THE MIND IS A MACHINE
MIND, or MENTAL SELF IS A BRITTLE OBJECT
EMOTIONS ARE ENTITIES WITHIN A PERSON
Special sub-case 1:Emotions areLiquids in the Eyes
EMOTIONS ARE FORCES
PEOPLE ARE BATTERIES
INTENSE EMOTIONS ARE HEAT
Special case 1:ANGER IS HEAT
Special case 2:LUST IS HEAT
Special case 3:AFFECTION IS WARMTH
EMOTIONS ARE LOCATIONS
EMOTIONAL SELF IS A BRITTLE OBJECT
EMOTION IS MOTION
EFFECT ON EMOTIONAL SELF IS CONTACTWITH PHYSICAL SELF
STRONG EMOTIONS ARE MADNESS
STRONG EMOTION IS BLINDING
EMOTIONAL STABILITY IS BALANCE
EMOTIONAL STABILITY IS CONTACTWITH THE GROUND
EMOTIONAL STABILITY IS MAINTAINING POSITION
ANGER IS HEAT
Special case 1:ANGER IS HOTFLUID IN A CONTAINER
Special case 2:ANGER IS FIRE
HOPE IS A BENEFICAL POSSESSION
HOPE IS A CHILD
HOPE IS LIGHT
LOVE IS A JOURNEY
Special sub-case 1:The Relationship is an Animal
Special sub-case 2:The Relationship is a Ship
Special sub-case 3:The Relationship is a Car
Special sub-case 4:The Relationship is a Train
LOVE IS A UNITY (OF TWOCOMPLEMENTARYPARTS)
EMOTIONAL INTIMACY IS PHYSICAL CLOSENESS
LOVE IS MADNESS
DESIRES ARE FORCES BETWEEN THE DESIRED AND THE DESIRER
LUST IS HEAT
SEXUALITY IS AN OFFENSIVE WEAPON
DESIRE IS HUNGER
LUSTFUL PERSON IS AN ANIMAL
LUSTFUL PERSON IS AN ACTIVATED MACHINE
GAINING PHYSICAL INTIMACY (AGAINST RESISTANCE) IS A COM-
PETITION
Special case 1:GAINING PHYSICAL INTIMACY (AGAINST RESIS-
TANCE) IS A GAME
Special case 2:GAINING PHYSICAL INTIMACY (AGAINST RESIS-
TANCE) IS A WAR
FEAR IS COLD
INTERPERSONAL HARMONY IS MUSICAL HARMONY
DISGUST IS NAUSEA
CONCEIT IS INFLATION
FORM IS MOTION
Special case 1:PATHS ARE GUIDES
SHAPES ARE CONTAINERS
EXTERNAL APPEARANCE IS A COVER
FORCE IS A SUBSTANCE DIRECTED ATANAFFECTED PARTY
FORCE IS A SUBSTANCE CONTAINED IN AFFECTING CAUSES
AFORCE IS A MOVING OBJECT
LAUGHTER IS A SUBSTANCE
EFFECTS OF HUMOR ARE INJURIES
TREATING ILLNESS IS FIGHTING A WAR
EUPHORIC STATES ARE UP
INTOXICATION IS GETTING DESTROYED
INTOXICATION IS GETTING BURNED/COOKED
INTOXICATION IS BECOMING ELECTRIFIED
INTOXICATION IS GETTING A BURDEN
LIGHT IS A FLUID
DARKNESS IS A SOLID
DARKNESS IS A COVER
LIGHT IS A LINE
Special case 1:LIGHT MOVES FROM LIGHT SOURCE
MACHINES ARE PEOPLE
Special sub-case 1:Destructive Computer Code is a Virus
Special case 1:Computers/Programs areIntelligent People with Independent
Wills
MONEY IS A LIQUID
INVESTMENTS ARE CONTAINERS FOR MONEY
MORALITY IS STRAIGHTNESS
Special case 1:MORALITY IS A STRAIGHT PATH
MORALITY IS CLEANLINESS
MORALITY IS PURITY
MORAL IS UP / IMMORAL IS DOWN
GOOD IS UP / BAD IS DOWN
MORAL ACCOUNTING
Special case 1:RECIPROCATION--"One Good Turn. . ."
Special case 2:RETRIBUTION--"You’ll get yours"
Special case 3:RESTITUTION--"I’ll makeupfor it"
Special case 4:REVENGE-- "An eyefor an eye"
Special case 5:ALTRUISM/CHARITY
GOODNESS IS LIGHT / BADNESS IS DARKNESS
GOODNESS IS WHITE/ BADNESS IS BLACK
PEOPLE ARE PLANTS
PEOPLE ARE MACHINES
PEOPLE/BODIES ARE BUILDINGS
POSSESSING IS HOLDING
GETTING IS EATING
APROBLEM IS A LOCKED CONTAINER FOR ITS SOLUTION
APROBLEM IS A REGION IN A LANDSCAPE
Special case 1:Solution is a Mobile Entity in Landscape
Special case 2:Solution is Object Buried in Landscape
SPRING
OBLIGATIONS ARE POSSESSIONS
RESPONSIBILITIES ARE POSSESSIONS
Special case 1:Taking on Responsibilities is Eating
OBLIGATIONS ARE CONTAINERS
OBLIGATIONS ARE FORCES
COMPLIENCE IS ADHERENCE
COMPLIENCE IS FOLLOWING
COMPLIENCE IS TIGHTNESS
THE BODYISACONTAINER FOR THE SELF
ASPECTS OF THE SELF ARE DISTINCT INDIVIDUALS
PERSONALITY IS MATERIAL
SOCIAL ACCOUNTING
SOCIETY IS A BODY
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Metaphor List

Metaphor List

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Published by Joanne Boisson

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Published by: Joanne Boisson on May 31, 2011
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