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Plant body

Plant body

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Published by Joyce Ann

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Published by: Joyce Ann on Sep 09, 2008
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09/08/2012

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CHAPTER 35PLANT STRUCTURE AND GROWTH
Copyright
©
2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
Section A1: The Plant Body
1. Both genes and environment affect plant structure2. Plants have three basic organs: roots, stems, and leaves
 
 
With about 250,000 known species, theangiosperms are by far the most diverse andwidespread group of land plants.As primary producers, flowering plants are at the base of the food web of nearly every terrestrialecosystem.
 – Most land animals, including humans, depend on plants directly or indirectly for sustenance.
Introduction
Copyright
©
2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings
 
 
A plant’s structure reflects interactions with theenvironment of two time scales.
 – Over the long term, entire plant species have, bynatural selection, accumulated morphologicaladaptations that enhance survival and reproductivesuccess.
For example, some desert plants have so reduced their leaves that the stem is actually the primary photosyntheticorgan.This is a morphological adaptation that reduces water loss.
1. Both genes and environmentaffect plant structure
Copyright
©
2002 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

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