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Edexcel Chemistry Unit 4 Exams Questions

Edexcel Chemistry Unit 4 Exams Questions

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Published by: keyur100 on May 31, 2011
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05/30/2015

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1.
(a) When solid calcium nitrate is heated, brown fumes of nitrogen dioxide, NO
2
, are seen andthe solid remaining after decomposition is calcium oxide.(i) Write a balanced equation for the thermal decomposition of calcium nitrate..........................................................................................................................
(2)
(ii) Describe the changes you would see when cold water is added drop by drop to coldcalcium oxide and give the chemical equation for the reaction.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(3)
(iii) State whether barium nitrate will decompose more easily or less easily thancalcium nitrate on heating with a Bunsen burner..........................................................................................................................
(1)
(iv) Account for the trend in the thermal stability of the nitrates of the elements ingroup 2.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(3)
(b) The brown fumes in part (a) are not pure NO
2
but a mixture of N
2
O
4
and NO
2.
 N
2
O
4
(g) 2NO
2
(g)Pale yellow dark brownA transparent glass syringe was filled with the gaseous mixture of N
2
O
4
and NO
2
and itstip sealed. When the piston of the syringe was rapidly pushed well into the body of thesyringe, thereby compressing the gas mixture considerably, the colour of the gas becamemomentarily darker but them became lighter again.
 
 
(i) Suggest why compressing the gases causes the mixture to darken...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(1)
(ii) Explain why the mixture turns lighter on standing............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)
(iii) Write an expression for the equilibrium constant, K
p
, for this equilibrium.
(1)
(iv) 1.0 mole of N
2
O
4
was allowed to reach equilibrium at 400K. At equilibrium thepartial pressure of N
2
O
4
was found to be 0.15 atm.Given that the equilibrium constant
p
for this reaction is 48 atm, calculate thepartial pressure of NO
2
in the equilibrium mixture.
(3)(Total 16 marks)
 
 
2.
Adrenalin is a hormone which raises blood pressure, increases the depth of breathing and delaysfatigue in muscles, thus allowing people to show great strength under stress.Benzedrine is a pharmaceutical which stimulates the central nervous system in a similar mannerto adrenalin.
CH CH(CH ) NH
22233
HOHOCH(OH) CH NHCHBenzedrineAdrenalin
 (a) (i) On the structure for benzedrine mark with a (*) any asymmetric carbon atom thatcauses chirality.
(1)
(ii) Suggest why adrenalin is more soluble in water than is benzedrine...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
(2)
(b) Give the structural formulae of the organic products obtained when benzedrine reactswith:(i) an aqueous acid such as dilute hydrochloric acid;
(1)
(ii) ethanoyl chloride in the absence of a catalyst;
(1)
(iii) excess ethanoyl chloride in the presence of the catalyst anhydrous aluminiumchloride.
(2)

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