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Diplomatic Passport Programs

Diplomatic Passport Programs

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http://www.panamalaw.org
http://www.panamalaw.org

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Published by: Aurelia Masterson of Panamalaw.org on May 31, 2011
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Diplomatic Passport Programs
Diplomatic Passports
– We are able to obtain Diplomatic Passports from more than one substantial LatinAmerican Nation. This is not an honorary Diplomatic Passport which carries no immunity and practicallyno privileges. We are talking full “Class A” Diplomatic Passports with full privileges afforded todiplomats. To be such a Diplomat you need to be a citizen of the issuing country which is part of theprocess and included in the fee. Citizenship is for life. Diplomatic passports are for five years.
UN Treaty for Diplomats
- This is the Treaty that concerns diplomats. This is the rulebook for Diplomats.Some key points of the Treaty are below:The treaty is an extensive document, containing 53 articles. Following is a basic overview of its keyprovisions. For a comprehensive enumeration of all articles, consult the original text which can be found bysearching google for Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations 1961.
Article 9. The host nation may at any time and for any reason declare a particular member of thediplomatic staff to bepersona non grata. The sending state must recall this person within areasonable period of time, or otherwise this person may lose their diplomatic immunity.
Article 22. The premises of a diplomatic mission, such as an embassy, are inviolate and must notbe entered by the host country except by permission of the head of the mission. Furthermore, thehost country must protect the mission from intrusion or damage. The host country must neversearch the premises, nor seize its documents or property. Article 30 extends this provision to theprivate residence of the diplomats.
Article 27. The host country must permit and protect free communication between the diplomatsof the mission and their home country. Adiplomatic bagmust never be opened even on suspicionof abuse. A diplomatic couriermust never be arrested or detained.
Article 29. Diplomats must not be liable to any form of arrest or detention. They are immune fromcivil or criminal prosecution, though the sending country may waive this right under Article 32.Under Article 34, they are exempt from most taxes, and under Article 36 they are exempt frommost customs duties.
Article 31.1c Actions not covered by diplomatic immunity: professional activity outsidediplomat's official functions.
Article 37. The family members of a diplomat that are living in the host country enjoy most of thesame protections as the diplomats themselves.
Diplomatic Passport Benefits
– One big benefit is being allowed to use the diplomatic channels atairports. This will mean far more courteous, fast and efficient treatment. If stopped in a foreign land at acheckpoint, a border crossing, or in a routine traffic stop you will be allowed to pass promptly.International law prohibits the detention of a person carrying diplomatic credentials. A traffic stop willusually be over in a minute or less. Receiving a traffic citation would be against the UN Treaty. As adiplomat you are not subject to due process. No being served with lawsuits, subpoenas, orders to appearetc. You can add your names to the guest lists of the various embassies in the country you are in. They willnormally invite you to parties and social events. This enables one to make invaluable contacts for business.At times hotels, cruise ships, car rental agencies, and airlines may provide upgrades au gratis to one with adiplomatic passport. This is not a 100% scenario. It will vary depending on the country, the hotel, airline,availability of upgrade facilities and so forth. You may be able to use the passport for preferential treatmentwith restaurants and clubs as well. For instance getting a table without a reservation. Some amusementsparks may offer special treatment for a diplomat like a guide to take you to the attractions and showsbypassing the lines. It might work at a large sporting event as well.
 
Diplomatic Credentials
– You will receive a letter of posting to the country of choice. This will give youdiplomatic immunity in that country as well as when involved in related travel. You cannot be posted to acountry you are a resident or citizen of. We do not post to the USA, Canada or the UK.
Recalling A Diplomat and Diplomatic Status Revocation
– Your status as a diplomat can only berevoked by the country that issued you the diplomatic passport. A country you are in can ask that you bedeclared Persona Non Grata and have you recalled out of that country. For this to happen you would needto create problems in that country. A type of complaint for diplomats is drunk driving. If the police in aforeign land pull over a drunk driver who is a diplomat they are not going to turn him lose to continuedriving and kill himself or others. This would be wrong. They would get into options like please let usdrive you in your car where you are going. If you start to become known to the local police for engaging insuch behavior you could be declared Persona Non Grata and expelled from the country. Usually wouldneed to be a series of such events. If a serious crime is committed (think major crime against person) thenthe country can request that the diplomatic status of the diplomat be revoked allowing them to arrest theperson responsible for harming another. This has occurred in cases involving murder and rape. The countrycan agree to this which is rare or recall the diplomat out of that country. The diplomatic privileges areenjoyable and convenient but no country is going to allow abuse of the diplomatic status. The normalremedy is to have you declared Persona Non Grata and expelled from the country. You have to behave as aprivileged guest in their country and not lose sight of that. Below are some recent instances of a diplomatbeing declared Persona Non Grata. You can see it is usually a most serious incident that provokes suchaction.On April 5, 2011, the Ecuador Ministry declared U.S. Ambassador Heather Hodges
 persona non grata
aftershe did not provide sufficient answers about a leaked diplomatic cable related to Ecuador. In retaliation theU.S. declared the Ecuadorean Ambassador Luis Gallegos
 persona non grata
on April 7, 2011On May 1, 2011 The Libyan ambassador to the United Kingdom, Omar Jelban, was given 24 hours to leavethe country after Foreign Secretary William Hague said he was "persona non grata". The expulsion was inresponse to attacks on British embassy premises in Tripoli following reports of the death of Col Gaddafi'sson in a Nato air strikeUnder the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, Article 9, a receiving State may "at any time andwithout having to explain its decision" declare any member of a diplomatic staff 
 persona non grata.
If thishappens said diplomat is usually recalled to his or her home nation.Diplomatic immunity protects diplomats from prosecution for violating civil and criminal laws. This canvary based on type of diplomat. The type of credentials we offer has all the immunity. Articles 41 and 42 of the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations state that the diplomat in bound to respect national lawsand regulations.A government can declare a non diplomat as Persona Non Grata. In fact this happened in March of 2011 inPanama. The Panama City Council declared Donald Trump Persona Non Grata for his comment that givingthe Panama Canal away for nothing was stupid. This will prove interesting because Trump is supposed tocome to the grand opening of Trump Tower in Panama City, Panama.
Visa Free Travel
– The nations issuing the passport will have visa free travel to 90+ countries includingthe entire European Union, Central and South America, Caribbean Island Nations and parts of Asia andAfrica. If the passport normally requires a visa you can often enter without a visa using the diplomaticpassport. It is country specific and there is no firm rule for this. You could still be required to have a visawith a diplomatic passport but often they will grant an exception as a courtesy to a diplomat.
Prohibitions
– Do not expect to enter a country that you are a resident or citizen of using a diplomatic

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