NOTE OF THE SERIES EDITOR
The present volume is part of a series of proceedings of the XV world congress of theInternational Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences (UISPP / IUPPS), held inSeptember 2006, in Lisbon.The Union is the international organization that represents the prehistoric and protohistoricresearch, involving thousands of archaeologists from all over the world. It holds a majorcongress every five years, to present a “state of the art” in its various domains. It alsoincludes a series of scientific commissions that pursue the Union’s goals in the variousspecialities, in between congresses. Aiming at promoting a multidisciplinary approach toprehistory, it has several regional or thematic associations as affiliates, and on its turn it is amember of the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (an organismsupported by UNESCO).Over 2500 authors have contributed to c. 1500 papers presented in 101 sessions during theXV
world Congress of UISPP, held under the organisation of the Polytechnic Institute of Tomar. 25% of these papers dealt with Palaeolithic societies, and an extra 5% were relatedto Human evolution and environmental adaptations. The sessions on the origins and spreadof hominids, on the origins of modern humans in Europe and on the middle / upperPalaeolithic transition, attracted the largest number of contributions. The papers on Post-Palaeolithic contexts were 22% of the total, with those focusing in the early farmers andmetallurgists corresponding to 12,5%. Among these, the largest session was focused onprehistoric mounds across the world. The remaining sessions crossed these chronologicalboundaries, and within them were most represented the regional studies (14%), theprehistoric art papers (12%) and the technological studies (mostly on lithics – 10%).The Congress staged the participation of many other international organisations (such asIFRAO, INQUA, WAC, CAA or HERITY) stressing the value of IUPPS as the commonground representative of prehistoric and protohistoric research. It also served for a relevantrenewal of the Union: the fact that more than 50% of the sessions were organised byyounger scholars, and the support of 150 volunteers (with the support of the EuropeanForum of Heritage Organisations) were in line with the renewal of the Permanent Council(40 new members) and of the Executive Committee (5 new members). Several ScientificCommissions were also established.Finally, the Congress decided to hold its next world congress in Brazil, in 2011. It electedPe. Ignácio Shmitz as new President, Luiz Oosterbeek as Secretary General and RossanoLopes Bastos as Congress secretary.L.O.