CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING DISABILITIESIntroduction – What is Perception?Input into the sensesKey Indicators: Spelling and Handwriting
A. SEVEN COMPONENTS OF VISUAL PERCEPTION
1. VISUAL DISCRIMINATIONb-d reversals (p-q, d-p, m-n, m-w)Ed – Eb was – saw, who – how, drop – bropAbrahan Lincolm
These are not careless mistakes. Significant beyond 2
2. VISUAL FIGURE-GROUNDDisturbed by pages with busy illustrationsVision might shift from one focus to anotherCannot read chart, maps, or graphsOmits whole sections of tests or homework
Brain is not screening out irrelevant info. from key info
.3. VISUAL CLOSURESees parts, not the whole.Has trouble filling in the mission letters or wordsSlow reader . .. sees every letter before the whole wordCannot scan a chapterCannot quickly read a hyphenated wordTrouble with mazes.4. VISUAL SPATIAL ORIENTATIONDoes not see the marginsCrowd words or math problems on one sectionnumbers or letters overlap or collidethings seem to jump around on the pageWe need to ask, what is going on for you when you are reading thator doing that?