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w w w . 2 m o b i l i t y . e u
E-Bridge to mobility was created ater observing theEU labour market and analysing the needs o EasternEurope emigrants (especially those rom Bulgaria,Poland, Romania and Slovakia).They move rom one EU country to another (inparticular the U.K., Germany and Spain) oreducational, fnancial or social reasons.
Poland has the lowest birth rate in the wholeEuropean Union, similar to that of Lithuania,Germany and Italy. Unfortunately, forecastsindicate that this rate is going to decrease everyyear. The birth rate will increase, however,in developing countries – in the Near Eastor in Africa.
Forecasts show how signicantly the population o Europe willdecrease and how lie expectancy will increase . By the year 2050,lie expectancy will increase rom the present level o 68 to 76 yearsold, and in highly developed countries rom 77 to 83. A hal o the 2,5billion additional population in the coming 40 years will be over 60. Thereore, in the middle o the 21
century there will be three timesmore people aged over 60 than today. In many developed countriesthe 60+ generation will make up one-third o the total population. The number o 80 year-olds will be increasing even aster.In Poland the oldest generation is growing righteningly ast, similarto other European countries. In 2030 the number o retired peoplewill be twice as big as it is now. The reason is simple: today in Polandthere are 1,3 children per one woman, while only 40 years ago therate was 4,3. Thereore, in order to keep the present level o employ-ment in Western Europe, the demand or immigrants will doublein the youngest countries and triple in the oldest ones and the de-mand will remain that high or decades.Europe is currently acing huge economic and social challenges.What can be done to avoid a situation in which some Europeancountries, including Poland, would become huge old people’shomes that no one would take seriously, and where nancing thebasic needs o the whole society would become impossible becauseo an insucient number o tax-payers?
Many Europeans put o havinga amily or economic reasons. Lack o aordable accommodation, lowwages , in brie–an economic situationwhich puts couples o child-bearing ageo having a amily. Demographic prob-lems are another contributing actor:increased lie expectancy, better healthas well as the “baby-boom” generationgrowing up andl not having as manychildren as their parents did. Besides,the younger generation is reaching thedierent stages o lie at a more matureage than their parents did. They starteducation later, study longer, start theirproessional career later and have aamily later. More oten than not theyonly have one child. A 2+1 amily modelis very popular in modern society.
for modern Europe