Rethinking poverty: which way now?
Eradication of poverty as a moral and ethical imperative
Growth, inequality and eradication of poverty
Multidimensional nature of poverty
Renewal and rethinking
Poverty: the ofcial numbers
Global poverty trends: 1981-20051
Regional shares and trends
Intraregional poverty trends
East Asia and the Pacifc
Latin America and the Caribbean
Middle East and Northern Africa
Eastern Europe and Central Asia
Least developed countries
Diversity within countries: poverty in China and India
Poverty: indicators and their relationship
The poverty of poverty measurement
The World Bank $1-per-day line
The poverty of poverty lines
Food and the basic needs basket
Non-food basic needs
Problems in estimating basic non-food needs
Ranking households by expenditure
Household size and composition
Household assets base
Marginalization and exclusion
Self-perception of the poor
Problems of use and interpretation
Chronic income poverty or socio-economic vulnerability?
Why narrow the target?
Is poverty a discrete concept?
Towards universalism: life without poverty lines?
Deprivation, vulnerability and exclusion
The need for a new approach
Alternative points of entry
Social exclusion: a new approach to poverty analysis
Social exclusion: ubiquitous presence, multiple forms
Regional diversity in its manifestations
Identity, exclusion and poverty
The Oglala Sioux people on the Pine Ridge Reservation
Dalit women: exclusion and violence
Migrants and migration: aspirations and exclusions
International migrants and the current economic crisis
Exclusion’s many other forms
Macroeconomic policies and
Impact on poverty and inequality
Income instability and the people living in poverty
The way forward
Can aid ease fscal constraints?
Trade liberalization and exports in Africa
Did trade liberalization reduce rural poverty in China?
Fiscal impact of trade liberalization
Financial crises and poverty
Financial liberalization and growth
Financial deregulation, inequality and poverty
How can privatization reduce poverty?
Privatization in Mongolia
Labour-market and social policies
and poverty reduction
Labour-market policies: counting the cost for the working poor
Social pensions and insurance
Social assistance and transfers
Social protection in a time of crisis
Health and poverty in developing countries
Pro-poor health policies
Social integration policies
User fees: health and poverty efects
Policies promoting participation
Efective social integration requires a broad vision
Conditional cash transfers
Should cash transfers be conditional?
Conditional cash transfers or job creation?
Unconditional and universal transfers
Employment guarantee schemes
Poverty reduction through property rights
Governance reforms and poverty reduction
Rethinking poverty reduction
Revisiting recent poverty trends
Framing policy: some correctives
The crisis: exit strategies