cannot be precipitated from aqueous solutions which implies they are soluble in all ranges of pH. This result proves that TCP has a lower molar Ca/P ratio than the hydroxyapatite sincethe solubility of calcium phosphate is inversely proportional to the molar Ca/P ratio.The results obtained from these two figures prove the statements made for the solubilityand molar Ca/P ratio at the beginning of the report.In the figure above, the pH solubility range of calcium phosphates is shown. It shows thatin the body conditions, meaning that at the pH around 7, α-TCP and β-TCP has a higher solubility than the hydroxyapatite. Also, α-TCP has a higher solubility than β-TCP. Thissituation depends on the synthesis procedure for them and it will be discussed in the followingof the report.
Synthesis of Tricalcium Phosphates
Tricalcium phosphates cannot be precipitated from aqueous solution as mentioned before.Therefore, there is a different way to produce tricalcium phosphates. Β-TCP is a high-temperature phase of calcium orthophosphates, which can only be prepared by thermaldecomposition of CDHA, calcium-deficient hydroxyapatite, at temperatures above 800
C.Apart from chemical preparation procedures, ion-substituted β-TCP can be prepared bycalcining of bone, which is called “bone ash”.