Protection of members
from the threats posed by the environment(physical hazards, other organisms, and other human societies—societymust protect its members individually and collectively through culture interms of techniques for protection, healing and warfare. Members mustalso live long enough to carry out their functions to raise the nextgeneration to adulthood.
Replacement of the members
(reproduction)—biological reproductionto perpetuate society’s genetic heritage but the cultural heritage mustalso be preserved for that society to survive through socialization.
Regulation and control of behavior
of the members—to ensure thatthe vital of society gets done and to prevent conflicts among membersthat disrupt societal life.
5. Basic Components of Sociocultural Systems1.Population:
those that are rooted in our species’common genetic heritage: the ability to reason and devisecultural solutions to social problems, powerful emotions andappetites every society’s most precious resource and cause of its many problems.
they are absent or occur in differentforms in other individuals; not distributed equally amongsocieties; color of skin, texture of hair, eye shape, blood type,etc.
size, density, distribution,migration, age, sex, deaths and births, etc.
(Language; spoken and written, bodygestures, etc)
every culture has a substantial store of information about the:1.biophysical world: plant and animal life, minerals, soil,water, climate, etc2.society itself; origins, history its people, its heroes3.ultimate causes of events in this world4.coping with recurring problems from food to socialconflict5.guiding individuals in making judgments about what isgood and beautiful and right6.satisfying culturally activated and intensified needs suchas the desire for artistic expression or for ritual
3. Social Structure—
the network of relationships among members of asociety
the building block in every social structure