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Madonna (in English)

Madonna (in English)

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Published by Gregor Kulla

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Published by: Gregor Kulla on Jun 03, 2011
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Madonna
 
 MadonnaMadonna (born Madonna Louise Ciccone (Italian pronunciation: [t
ik
ko
ne]); August 16, 1958)is an American recording artist, actress and entrepreneur. Born in Bay City, Michigan, she moved toNew York City in 1977 to pursue a career in modern dance. After performing in the music groupsBreakfast Club and Emmy, she released her debut album in 1983. She followed it with a series of albums in which she found immense popularity by pushing the boundaries of lyrical content inmainstream popular music and imagery in her music videos, which became a fixture on MTV.Throughout her career, many of her songs have hit number one on the record charts, including "Likea Virgin", "Papa Don't Preach", "Like a Prayer", "Vogue", "Frozen", "Music", "Hung Up", and "4Minutes". Critics have praised Madonna for her diverse musical productions while at the same timeserving as a lightning rod for religious controversy.Her career was further enhanced by film appearances that began in 1979, despite mixedcommentary. She won critical acclaim and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in Motion PictureMusical or Comedy for her role in Evita (1996), but has received harsh feedback for other film roles.Madonna's other ventures include being a fashion designer, children's book author, film director andproducer. She has been acclaimed as a businesswoman, and in 2007, she signed an unprecedentedUS $120 million contract with Live Nation.Madonna has sold more than 300 million records worldwide and is recognized as the world's top-selling female recording artist of all time by the Guinness World Records. According to the RecordingIndustry Association of America (RIAA), she is the best-selling female rock artist of the 20th centuryand the second top-selling female artist in the United States, behind Barbra Streisand, with 64 millioncertified albums. In 2008, Billboard magazine ranked Madonna at number two, behind only TheBeatles, on the Billboard Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists, making her the most successful solo artist inthe history of the Billboard chart. She was also inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in thesame year. Considered to be one of the "25 Most Powerful Women of the Past Century" by Time forbeing an influential figure in contemporary music, Madonna is known for continuously reinventingboth her music and image, and for retaining a standard of autonomy within the recording industry.195881: Early life and career beginningsMadonna was born in Bay City, Michigan on August 16, 1958. Her mother, Madonna Louise (néeFortin), was of French Canadian descent, and her father, Silvio Anthony Ciccone, is a first-generationItalian American.[1] The Ciccone family originated from Pacentro, Italy; her father later worked as adesign engineer for Chrysler and General Motors. Madonna was nicknamed "Little Nonni" todistinguish her from her mother.[2][3] The third of six children from the same two parents, her full-blood siblings are: Martin, Anthony, Paula, Christopher, and Melanie.[4] Madonna was raised in theDetroit suburbs of Pontiac and Avon Township (now part of Rochester Hills).Her mother died of breast cancer at the age of 30 in 1963.[4] Months before her mother's death,Madonna noticed changes in her behavior and personality from the attentive homemaker she was,although she did not understand the reason.[5] Mrs. Ciccone, at a loss to explain her dire medicalcondition, would often begin to cry when questioned by Madonna, at which point Madonna wouldrespond by wrapping her arms around her mother tenderly. "I remember feeling stronger than shewas," Madonna recalled, "I was so little and yet I felt like she was the child."[5] Madonna lateracknowledged that she had not grasped the concept of her mother dying. "There was so muchleftunsaid, so many untangled and unresolved emotions, of remorse, guilt, loss, anger, confusion. [...] I
 
saw my mother, looking very beautiful and lying as if she were asleep in an open casket. Then Inoticed that my mother's mouth looked funny. It took me some time to realize that it had been sewnup. In that awful moment, I began to understand what I had lost forever. The final image of mymother, at once peaceful yet grotesque, haunts me today also."[6]Madonna eventually learned to take care of herself and her siblings, and she turned to hergrandmother in the hope of finding some solace and some form of her mother in her. The Cicconesiblings resented housekeepers and invariably rebelled against anyone brought into their homeostensibly to take the place of their beloved mother.[5] In an interview with Vanity Fair, Madonnacommented that she saw herself in her youth as a "lonely girl who was searching for something. Iwasn't rebellious in a certain way. I cared about being good at something. I didn'tshave myunderarms and I didn't wear make-up like normal girls do. But I studied and I got good grades.... Iwanted to be somebody."[5] Terrified that her father could be taken from her as well, Madonna wasoften unable to sleep unless she was near him.[5] Her father married the family's housekeeper JoanGustafson, and they had two children: Jennifer and Mario Ciccone.[7] At this point, Madonna beganto express unresolved feelings of anger towards her father that lasted for decades, and developed arebellious attitude.[5] She attended St. Frederick's and St. Andrew's Elementary Schools, and thenWest Middle School. She was known for her high grade point average, and achieved notoriety for herunconventional behavior: she would perform cartwheels and handstands in the hallways betweenclasses, dangle by her knees from the monkey bars during recess, and pull up her skirt during classall so that the boys could see her underwear.[8]Rochester Adams High School, where Madonna studiedMadonna later attended Rochester Adams High School, and was a straight-A student and a memberof the cheerleading squad.[4] After graduating, she received a dance scholarship to the University of Michigan.[9] She convinced her father to allow her to take ballet lessons[10] and was persuaded byChristopher Flynn, her ballet teacher, to pursue a career in dance.[11] At the end of 1977 shedropped out of college and relocated to New York City.[12][13] She had little money and worked as awaitress at Dunkin' Donuts and with modern dance troupes.[14] Madonna said of her move to NewYork, "It was the first time I'd ever taken a plane, the first time I'd ever gotten a taxi cab. I came herewith $35 in my pocket. It was the bravest thing I'd ever done."[15] She started to work as a backupdancer for other established artists. During a late night, Madonna was returning from a rehearsal,when she was dragged up an alleyway by a pair of men and forced to perform fellatio at knifepoint.Madonna had later commented that "the episode was a taste of my weakness, it showed me that Istill could not save myself in spite of all the strong-girl show. I could never forget it."[16] Whileperforming as a dancer for the French disco artist Patrick Hernandez on his 1979 world tour,[8]Madonna became romantically involved with musician Dan Gilroy. They formed her first rock band,the Breakfast Club,[7][17] for which Madonna sang and played drums and guitar. In 1980 she leftBreakfast Club and, with her former boyfriend Stephen Bray as drummer, formed the band Emmy.Their music impressed DJ and record producer Mark Kamins who arranged a meeting betweenMadonna and Sire Records founder Seymour Stein.[18][19]198285: Madonna, Like a Virgin and marriage to Sean PennMadonna signed a singles deal with Sire, a label belonging to Warner Bros. Records.[20] Her debutsingle, "Everybody", was released on October 6, 1982, and became a dance hit.[21] She starteddeveloping her debut album Madonna, which was primarily produced by Reggie Lucas, a WarnerBros. producer. However, she was not happy with the completed tracks and disagreed with Lucas'production techniques, so decided to seek additional help. Madonna moved in with boyfriend John"Jellybean" Benitez, asking his help for finishing the album's production. Benitez remixed most of thetracks and produced "Holiday", which was her third single. The overall sound of Madonna isdissonant, and is in the form of upbeat synthetic disco, utilizing some of the new technology of the

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