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Teoria comparativos

Teoria comparativos

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Published by esabea2345

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Published by: esabea2345 on Jun 03, 2011
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07/10/2013

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Comparatives and Superlatives
We make the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives based on their NUMBER OF SYLLABLES:
Adjectives withONE SYLLABLE
Comparative
: Adjective +
er
 
Superlative
: Adjective +
est
 
 Example:
FAST (faster than/ the fastest)
Spelling 
: Sometimes you need to
double
the last letter, for example: big--> bi
gg
er/bi
gg
est 
(remember the CVC rule)
Adjectives with2 SYLLABLES ENDING WITH A CONSONANT SOUND
 Normal comparative
:
more
(or 
less
)
+ adjective
 
 Normal superlative
:
most
(or 
least
)
+ adjective
 
 Examples:
 
handsome -->
more
handsome -->
most
handsome 
distant -->
more
distant -->
most
distant 
Adjectives with2 SYLLABLES ENDING WITH A VOWEL SOUND
 Normal comparative
: Adjective +
er
 
 Normal superlative
: Adjective +
est
 
 Examples:
 
slow --> slow
er
--> slow
est
 
 busy --> bus
ier
--> bus
iest
 
Adjectives with3 SYLLABLES OR MORE
Comparative
:
more
(or 
less
)
+ adjective
 
Superlative
:
most
(or 
least
)
+ adjective
 
 Example:
more expensive than/ the most expensive.
 
***************Irregular forms
There are three common adjectives -
good
,
bad
and
far
- with
irregular
comparativeand superlative forms:
good
 
better
 
 
best
 
 bad
 
worse
 
 
worst
 
far 
 
further
furthest
 
1.- Fill in the gaps with the correct COMPARATIVE FORM of the givenadjectives:
 This candidate has ……………….(good) references ……….. the other one.My accountant obtains …………….(high) benefits by investing in the stock market.Studying a PhD is …………………(hard) ………… completing an MA.My qualifications for the job are …………(bad) ……….. the other candidates’. The screen of this cutting-edge computer is ………….(thin) …………..1 inch.
2.-Fill in the gaps with the correct SUPERLATIVE FORM of the givenadjectives:
Mr Smith is ……………………(competent) boss I’ve ever had. The career prospects that this job offers are…………………(good) in the field. The refurbishing project we chose had………………….(suitable) budget. The company went bankrupt because they had …………….(low) benefits in decades.She rearranged the archive in…………………..(accurate) order I’ve ever seen.
3.- Fill in the gaps with the correct DEGREE of the adjective in brackets:
My salary is one of ………………………….(high) in my rank. The CEO is ………………(hard-working) as anyone else in the executive committee.My business card has a……………………(appropriate) typography than yours.I fired my PA because he was …………………(useless) employee I’ve ever had. Your sales forecast was very accurate. Our benefits were just as …………(low) ……you had predicted.Investing in the stock market is ……………….(risky) business I’ve ever tried.My company is not doing ……..well……….yours. The availability of the product will be confirmed …….soon ………possible. They discontinued the product because its sales were………………(low) in themarket.We lowered the price of our furniture set so now it is ………………(competitive) inthe market.
4.-Translate:
El presupuesto de este año es más limitado que el del proyecto anterior.El reciclaje hace que el futuro de la industria sea más sostenible.El asistente que has contratado es mucho menos competente que el que teníasantes.Esta solución me parece tan adecuada como la que ha sugerido el ingeniero.

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