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Table Of Contents

Metaphors of Nature
A Solution Space?
Scope and Plan of This Book
From GIS to Geocomputation
Technological Facilitation
Representing Spatial Phenomena in GIS
Putting the Real World onto Media
Vector
Tessellations
Object-Oriented
Data Characteristics
Data Collection Technologies
gPS and inertial Navigation Systems
remote Sensing
ground Survey
Science to Follow …
And Now … Geo-Information Engineering
Approaches to Modeling
Model of an x
Typology of Models
Building Models
Modeling landslides
Modeling Topography
Evaluating Models
Applying Models
A Summary of Model Development
The Role and Nature of Environmental Models
Context of Environmental Modeling
environmental impact assessment
an integrated approach
Sustainable Development
Hazard, Vulnerability, and risk
Decision Environment
Conceptual Models
Empirical Models
Models Incorporating Artificial Intelligence
Knowledge-based Systems
Heuristics
artificial Neural Networks
agent-based Models
Process Models
lumped Parameter Models
Distributed Parameter Models
Discretization
Routing across a Digital Elevation Model
Transport through a Medium
Modeling Approaches in GIS and Environmental Modeling
Spatial Coexistence
Source–Pathway Characterization
basin Management Planning
Coastal Oil Spill Modeling
Cluster Detection
… and Don’t Forget the Web
Issues of Coupling the Technologies
Some Preconditions
Initial Conceptualizations
independent
loosely Coupled
Tightly Coupled
embedded
An Over-Simplification of the Issues
Maturing Conceptualizations
integration versus interoperability
environmental Modeling within giS
Model Management
Maturing Typology of Integration
One-Way Data Transfer
loose Coupling
Shared Coupling
Joined Coupling
Tool Coupling
De facto Practices
Data and Information Quality Issues
The Issue Is … Uncertainty
Early Warnings
So, How Come … ?
Imperfect measurement
imperfect Measurement
Digital representation of Phenomena
Natural Variation
Subjective Judgment and Context
Semantic Confusion
Finding a Way Forward
Measuring Spatial Data Quality
Modeling Error and Uncertainty in GIS
Topological Overlay
interpolation
Kriging
Fuzzy Concepts in giS
Theory of Fuzzy Sets
Example of Fuzzy Sets in GIS
Sensitivity analysis
Managing Fitness-for-Use
Modeling Issues
Issues of Scale
Issues of Algorithm
Issues of Model Structure
Issues of Calibration
Bringing Data Issues and Modeling Issues Together
Decision Making under Uncertainty
Communication of Spatial Concepts
Participatory Planning and the Web-Based GIS
All’s Well That Ends Well?
References
Index
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GISEnvironmentalModelingandEngineeringS2ndEd

GISEnvironmentalModelingandEngineeringS2ndEd

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Published by Maz Tab

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Published by: Maz Tab on Jun 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/07/2011

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