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CPT Math Stats

# CPT Math Stats

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Published by Vivek Vincent

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Published by: Vivek Vincent on Jun 03, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/17/2013

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A,UA]N[T'TT'ATIVf,
APTTTUDf,

Quantitative
Aptitude
ai{o
iia
proiortion;
7
RATIO
Ratio
is
a
comparison
of two
or morequantities
of
the
same
kind
(same
units)
by
division.Ifx
and
y
are
twoquantitiesof
the
same
kind
thenthe
fraction
I
is called
the
ratio of
x
and
y.
It
is
written
as
x:y.
The
quantities
x
and
y
are
called the
terrns
of
ratio.
y
x
is
called
frst
term
(antecedent)
"yis
called
second
term
(consequent)
Important
Points
regarding Ratio:
Whenever
a
given
ratio
f;:
A:B
between
two
magnitudes
we always
gxpress
the actual magnitudes
as
KA
and
KB
where
K
is
a
constant
if
a>b
then
a:b
is
known
as
greater
inequality
If
a<b
then
a:b is
know
as
lesser
inequality
.^ac e
ace
UomDound
raflo
oI
'
b'd'
f
bdf
a'
:b'
is
the duplicate
ratio
of
a:ba':b'is
the
triplicateratio
of
a:b
Ji
tJi
is the
sub
duplicateratio
of
a:b
{i
,{i
is the
sub
kiplicate
ratio
of
a:b
Dividing
a
given
number'N'into
two
parts
which
are
in
the
ratio
a:b
is
AandBwhenl:
N
o
&
B:r
U
*
a*b
a*b
Dividing
a
given
number'N'
into
threeparts
which
are
in
the
ratio
a:b:c
is
A, B
&
C
thenl:B=N
b,
C=N
,
a+b+ca+b+c
a+b+C
PROPORTIOI{
An
equalityof
two
or
more
ratios
is
calied
proportion
i,e,,
thena,
b,c,d
are
saidto
be
inproportion
+=
:
4
a:b:
c:d
bd
i;,t;;",;'.;,::,.
39
?:',:ia:::t;;:
t:,
?::;i1:il.,i
'a:;i.i
t;.::"t:
i;,;t+;:::+:r
ti
?-;j:it'.:,:j?
.
,;i
{!.1,,
r
rrre
thotyou
wilt live
tomorrow.100
Pages
to
suecESS

gg'',qryggles-Pl4_rye
Ratio
and
Froportions
\$,
L{\$}fi
Ilf(
{0LtjTtCIt{t
tonnecring
Y0lJ
to
Y0l.JR
FlItlJRL..
Note:
a
is called
1"
proportional
+
b
iscalled
2"d
proportional
c
is
called
3"
proportional
+
d
is called
4*
proportional
a
and
d
are
called
'extremes'
and
b
and c
are
called'means'"
Product
of
means
:
product
of
extremes that
is
a:b:
c:d
i"e.,
ad
=
bc
Properties
of
Proportion
:
Subtraheodo
a_ce_a-c-e-..
bdfb-d-f-..
Continued
Proportion:
if
tkee
ormore numbers
are
relatedthenthe
ratio
of
the
first
tothe
second,the
ratio
of
second
to the
third
etc.,
are
all
equal
ratios.
In
such
a case
the numbers
are
said to
be
in
continuous
proportions.
VARIATION
Direct Variation:
lf
trvo
quantities
a
and
b
are
relatedsuch that
if
'a'
is increased
then'b'also
increases
similariy
If
'a'
is
decreased
then'b'
also
decreases
In
symbols
wewrite
aob
TheQuantities
'a'
and'b'
are
cal1ed
directly
related.
Inverse
Variation:
If
two
quantities
'a'
and
'b'
are
relatedsuch
that
any
increase
in'a'
would
ieadto
a
decrease
in
'b'
or
any
decrease
is
'a'
would
lead
to
an
increase
in
'b'.In
symbols
we u,rite
u o
]
T*o
quantities
a
and
b
aresaid
to
be
b- -
1-'----------
-'-
-'
inversely
related.
acbd
then
-=-daa
acab-=-c)-=-
'o:b:C:dthena:C:b:d
b d c d'"ac
q
hdc*d
;
a:b:
c:dthen
(a+b)
:
6:
(c+d):dd
aca-b
La2-=
bdb
c-d
d
acbd
^q+bc+da+bctd
a-
b
c-
d
a,
b,
c-,da*c*
e*
..
b+d+"f+".
acebd/
,
7
Enotions,feelings
anddesires
are
the
poweis
<u;
fhdt
push
people
ta
takeaction

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